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The schoolgirl who dared to take on Taliban terrorists

THIS is the teenage activist who was shot in the head and neck by the Taliban as she boarded a bus home from school.

Malala Yousufzai (14) was shot by a gunman in the volatile Swat Valley. Another girl on the bus was also wounded.

The young activist advocates girls' education in Pakistan, which the Taliban strongly opposes.

She was airlifted by helicopter to a military hospital in Peshawar yesterday.

Doctor Tariq Mohammad said her wounds were not life-threatening, but a provincial information minister said after a medical board examined the girl that the next few days would be crucial.

The Taliban has claimed responsibility for shooting her.

"This was a new chapter of obscenity, and we have to finish this chapter," said Taliban spokesman Ahsanullah Ahsan by telephone.

When she was just 11, Malala began writing a blog for the BBC about life under the Taliban, using the pseudonym Gul Makai. In 2009 she began speaking publicly about the need for girls' education.

Courage

The shooting provoked outrage across the country, angering Pakistanis who have seen a succession of stories about Taliban violence against women.

"This attack cannot scare us nor the courageous Malala. This cowardly act cannot deter Malala to give up her efforts," said Azizul Hasan, one of the girl's cousins.

Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf condemned the attack and called Malala a "daughter of Pakistan". State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland called the shooting "barbaric" and "cowardly".

Leila Zerrougui, the United Nations' (UN) special representative for children in armed conflict, condemned the attack "in the harshest terms". "Education is a fundamental right for all children," she said in a statement. The Taliban "must respect the right to education of all children, including girls, to go to school and live in peace".

The attack demonstrated the viciousness of Islamic militants in the Swat Valley, where the military conducted a major operation in 2009 to clear out insurgents, and is a reminder of the challenges the government faces to keep the area free of militant influence.

In her BBC blog, Malala wrote about not wearing her uniform to school after officials warned it might attract the Taliban's attention, and how many other students moved out of the valley after the Taliban issued an edict banning girls from school. She wrote about how the Taliban movement had kept her family from going out after sunset.

While chairing a children's assembly supported by Unicef in the valley last year, Malala championed a greater role for young people.

"Girl members play an active role," she said. "We have highlighted important issues concerning children, especially promoting girls' education in Swat."

She was nominated last year for the International Children's Peace Prize, which is organised by the Dutch organisation KidsRights to highlight the work of children around the world.

Malala was shot on her way home from a school run by her father, Ziauddin, who is also known in the valley for promoting education of girls.

The bus was about to leave the school grounds in Mingora, the largest city in Swat Valley, when a bearded man approached it and asked which one of the girls was Malala. Another girl pointed to Malala, but the activist denied it was her and the gunmen then shot both of the girls.

Takeover

The Swat Valley -- nicknamed the Switzerland of Pakistan -- was once a popular tourist destination for Pakistanis. Honeymooners used to stay in the numerous hotels dotted along the river of the same name which runs through it.

But the Taliban's 2008 takeover of the valley, which is just 175 miles from the capital Islamabad, shocked many Pakistanis, who considered militancy to be a far-away problem in Afghanistan or Pakistan's rugged tribal regions.

Militants began asserting their influence in the valley in 2007 -- part of a wave of al-Qa'ida and Taliban fighters expanding their reach from safe havens near the Afghan border.

By 2008 they controlled much of the valley and began meting out rules and their own brand of justice. The Taliban forced men to grow beards, restricted women from going to the bazaar, whipped women they considered immoral and beheaded opponents.

Taliban militants in the region also destroyed around 200 schools. Most were girls' institutions, though some prominent boys' schools were struck as well. The private school owned and operated by Malala's father was temporarily closed under the Taliban.

At one point, the Taliban said they were halting female education, a move that echoed their militant brethren in neighbouring Afghanistan, who barred girls from attending school during their rule.

While the Pakistani military managed to flush out the insurgents during the military operation, the Taliban's top leadership escaped, leaving many of the valley's residents on edge.

Kamila Hayat, a senior official of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, said Malala's activism sent a global message that Pakistani girls could fight for their rights. But she also worried that yesterday's shooting would prevent other parents from letting their children speak out against the Taliban.

"This is an attack to silence courage through a bullet," Hayat said. "These are the forces who want to take us to the Dark Ages."

The problems of young women in Pakistan were the focus of a separate case before the High Court, which has ordered a probe into an alleged barter of seven girls to settle a blood feud in a remote south-western district. The tradition of families exchanging unmarried girls to settle feuds is banned under Pakistani law but still practiced in the country's more conservative, tribal areas.

A tribal council ordered the barter in early September in the Dera Bugti district of Baluchistan province, according to the district deputy commissioner, Saeed Faisal. He did not know the girls' ages but local media reported they were between 4 and 13 years old.

The Advocate General for the province could not confirm the incident.

hnews@herald.ie


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