Extreme weather conditions such as floods and heatwaves are pushing countries across Europe into taking action to adapt to a changing climate, a study has found.
The report questioned 30 European countries about action to cope with the impacts of climate change on areas ranging from agriculture to human health, and found the issue was on the national agenda in three-quarters of the nations.
Weather extremes, set to become more frequent and intense as global temperatures rise, were the most cited reason for taking action to cope with climate change, with 28 out of the 30 countries saying it was one of the top factors.
Floods, droughts and other extreme events such as the 2003 European heatwave have prompted moves to adapt to rising temperatures.
The majority of countries also said EU policy and estimates for damage costs now or in the future were a key factor in pushing forward action to adapt to global warming, the European Environment Agency (EEA) report found.
Uncertainty about the extent of future climate change was a factor in preventing action, although those behind the study said there were good examples across Europe of planning.
One such example is in the UK, where the Thames Barrie r in London has plans in place with options for upgrading, retrofitting and monitoring to cope with changes.