AROUND one million people had been affected by the worst floods to hit the Balkans in living memory, with many comparing the “terrifying” destruction to that of the country’s 1992-95 war.
The extent of the devastation became apparent in Serbia too, as waters receded in some of the worst-hit areas to reveal homes toppled or submerged in mud and villages strewnwith the rotting corpses of livestock.
The regional death toll reached at least 39, after the heaviest rainfall since records began 120 years ago caused rivers to burst their banks and triggered hundreds oflandslides.
“The consequences are terrifying,” Bosnian Foreign Minister Zlatko Lagumdzija said. “The physical destruction is not less than the destruction caused by the war.”
Lagumdzija said more than 100,000 houses and other buildings in Bosnia were no longer fit to use and that over a million people had been cut off from clean water supplies.
“During the war, many people lost everything,” he said. “Today, again they have nothing.”
His remarks threw into sharp relief the extent of the challenge now facing the cash-strapped governments of both Bosnia and Serbia.
Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic said the cost in Serbia would run to hundreds of millions and that the death toll would certainly rise.
In Bosnia, one official said as many as 500,000 people had been evacuated or left their homes.
At least 25,000 people have been evacuated in Serbia, but many more are believed to have left of their own accord.
“We have some indications that a half a million Bosnians have either been evacuated or have left their homes because offlooding or landslides,” said Fahrudin Solak, the acting head ofthe civil defence service in Bosnia. Hundreds of volunteers in the Serbian capital filled sandbags and stacked them along the banks of the Sava.
Soldiers and energy workers toiled through the night to build barriers of sandbags to keep the water back.
Djina Trisovic, a union spokeswoman at Serbia’s EPS power utility, said some workers at the Nikola Tesla plant had worked three days with barely a break because relief teams could not reach the plant.
“The plant should be safe now,” she said. “We’ve done all we could. Now it’s in the hands of God.”
Authorities in Bosnia issued a fresh warning about the danger of landmines left over from the war and now dislodged by the flooding. In the north Bosnian region of Maglaj, barely a single house was left untouched by the waters,.
In the village of Donja Polja, where Muslim Bosniaks returned in 1995 to homes burned or shelled during the war, Hatidza Muhic swept the mud from the hallway of her house. Dark lines on the walls indicated the water had reached some three metres high.
“I thought the war was as bad as it can get, but it can get worse,” Muhic said. “I just pray to God that we can save our minds, because first we were hit by the war, and now this.”