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Early Census results reveal huge increase in Cork population

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Preliminary results for the Census taken in early April have been released.

Preliminary results for the Census taken in early April have been released.

Preliminary results for the Census taken in early April have been released.

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CORK’S population has grown by more than 7% or 38,000 since the 2016 Census according to preliminary results released today from this year’s Census taken at the beginning of April.

While the full results of the Census taken on April 3 will not be released until next year, the preliminary results indicate that Ireland’s population has topped 5.1m, an increase of 7.6% on the 2016 figure  The figure for 2022 is 5,123,536, an increase of 361, 671 since 2016. 

A figure of 581,231 was returned for Cork, up from 542,868 from the 2016 return. 

The figure for Cork are is combined for the city and county as there was a boundary change since 2016. 

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In overall terms, the population in every county increased between Census 2016 and Census 2022.

The counties with the highest population growth were Longford (+14%), Meath (+13%), Fingal and Kildare (+11% in each).

The counties that recorded the lowest population growth each increased by 5% between 2016 and 2022. These were Donegal, Kilkenny, Kerry and Tipperary.

The drivers of population change are natural increase (births minus deaths) and net migration (immigration minus emigration). Births and

deaths are registered which allows the calculation of natural increase between 2016 and 2022. Net migration can therefore be estimated as the

residual of subtracting natural increase from the population change between censuses.

The total population increase between Census 2016 and 2022 was 361,671. Natural increase made up 171,338 of the change. The estimate

for Net Migration therefore is 190,333.

Between 2016 and 2022 there was an average annual net inflow of 31,722 persons compared with an average outflow of 4,934 persons per year in the intercensal period between 2011 - 2016. The average annual natural increase between 2016 and 2022 was 28,556 persons compared with 39,656 between 2011 and 2016.

In Cork the natural increase in numeric terms was 17,471 while this equated to 5,3 per `1,000.

The figure for net migration to Cork in the period between the two Censuses, 2016 and 2022, was 20.892 persons. 

A total of 2,124,590 permanent dwellings were counted in Ireland during Census 2022. This is an increase of over 120,000 units (6%) between 2016   and 2022.

The number of occupied households increased by over 150,000 (9%) to 1.86 million while the number of vacant dwellings fell by over 16,500 (-9%) to 166,752.

In Cork there was a 5.5% increase in housing stock in the period which was less than the 7.1% jump in population. 

In terms of vacant properties, there were 166,752 such properties in 2022,  More than 17,000 of these properties, 17,280 to be exact, of these vacant properties were in Cork. 

The population figures for Cork are likely to have an impact in several areas of administration – not least of which will be Dáil representation.  

The fact that the population per TD has increased to more than 30,000 in all of Cork’s constituencies is likely to lead to a redrafting of constituency boundaries before the next election. 

In Cork East, the population per TD in 2016 was 30,357 – this has gone up to 32,733 in the 2022 Census while the change in Cork North West was an increase from 29,693 in 2016 to 32,004 this year.  This was a 6.8% in both constituencies – this was only topped in Cork by the increase of 8.1% in Cork South West, equating to an increase per TD from 28,434 to 30,744.  There were increases in each of the city constiteuncies, Cork North Central (5.2%) and Cork South Central (6.9%). 


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