• After World War Two, Irish America controlled the Democratic Party. In 1948, the Democratic Party president, Harry Truman, organised the Marshall Plan to rescue Germany and mainland Europe from economic ruin.
Irish America's control of the Democratic Party reached its zenith 12 years later in 1960, when the Irish big city bosses of the great eastern and midwestern cities combined to nominate the grandson of Honey Fitz as the Democratic Party candidate for president.
On June 26, 1963, the US president, John F Kennedy, spoke at the Berlin Wall, and committed all of America's resources to the defence of West Berlin.
Mr Kennedy arrived at Dublin Airport later that day and was greeted by another American-born president, Eamon de Valera.
JFK spent eight hours in Germany and four days in Ireland.
On the day he died, the US president, the speaker of the House of Representatives, the majority leader of the US Senate and the chairman of the National Committee were all Irish, all Catholic and all Democrats.
Irish America rescued Europe after World War Two. Perhaps Germany and the rest of Europe should be reminded of this important fact.
Glenageary, Co Dublin
• Brendan Howlin (Irish Independent, April 13) has launched Labour's new defence of its dreadful performance thus far in government by claiming that "people understand" that while they changed the Government they didn't "change the economy".
This is bringing verbal legerdemain to a whole new level. People voted for a changed and fairer approach to rectifying the ruined economy, which both Labour and Fine Gael promised; all we got was a new government, with the same policies as the old one but with very expensive advisers, wordsmiths and spin-doctors attached.