Sir -- Charles Lysaght's article (Sunday Independent, December 11, 2011) is erroneous on the matter of the Treaty oath when he writes that "Irish ministers and parliamentarians would have to swear allegiance to the monarch as King of Ireland." I will give the oath in full for people to make their own interpretation of it, and my own.
The oath was "I ... do solemnly swear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the Irish Free State as by Law established and that I will be faithful to HM King George V, his heirs and successors by Law, in virtue of the common citizenship of Ireland with Great Britain and her adherence to, and membership of, the group of nations forming the British Commonwealth of Nations."
The Treaty oath required allegiance to the Constitution of the Free State and recognised the King as he was, de facto, head of the Commonwealth. John Locke, philosopher and framer of the US constitution, stated he would swear an oath of allegiance to any constitution that guaranteed him his human rights. As stated in the US constitution, you have the right to bear arms to fight your own state in defence of your human rights, which are inalienable. Governments from both sides of Sinn Fein went on to deny human rights to Irish people, particularly women's rights.