High price for slavish loyalty
Brian Cowen will be long remembered for two calamitous events that occurred on his watch in charge of the nation's affairs: the blanket bank guarantee of September 2008 and the EU-IMF bailout of November 2010.
The first, less than five months after he took office as Taoiseach, marked the beginning of a lurch from one economic disaster to another; the second deprived our country of its economic sovereignty.
It was accompanied by a series of chaotic political developments, which culminated in his forced resignation. Ever since, we have lived with the legacy of that toxic premiership.