48 hours in: St-Malo
This ancient, walled French port has always had an independent streak, with plenty to satisfy the curious visitor, writes Giles Belbin.
Why go now?
Temptingly accessible by ferry, this delectable walled city on the north coast of Brittany has a heritage rich in adventure, travel and prosperity. Today, it is a thriving port with a large exhibition hall (1) which hosts an eclectic range of festivals and events.
Sail to Cherbourg from Rosslare with Irish Ferries (0818 300 400; irishferries.ie) or Celtic Link Ferries (053 916 2688; celticlinkferries. com), or to Roscoff, from Cork with Brittany Ferries (021 427 7801; brittanyferries.ie). Allow a two to three-hour drive from each port. Alternatively, Brittany Ferries sails from Portsmouth direct to St-Malo. Ferries dock at the international ferry terminal (2), a 10-minute walk from the city centre.
Ryanair (0818 303 030; ryanair.com) flies from Dublin to Brest, about two hours along the coast from St-Malo.
Get your bearings
Almost everything good about St-Malo is concentrated in the part of the city within the old walls -- la citadelle. Construction of the walls began in the Middle Ages and continued until the end of the 17th century, with further expansion between 1708 and 1744. Sadly, the original walls were all but destroyed by bombing in 1944 and had to be rebuilt, although a section dating from 1145 remains on the west side of the citadelle.
The Cathédral St-Vincent (3), on Place Jean de Châtillon, dominates the skyline. The 15-century castle (4), housing the municipal museum, is in the citadelle's south-east corner. Beyond the walls lie an attractive harbour, islets, forts and spectacular beaches to explore.
The tourist office (5) is just outside the city walls on Esplanade Saint-Vincent (0033 299 566 443; saint-malo-tourisme.com). Open 9am-1pm and 2pm-6.30pm daily except Sundays, when it opens 10am-12.30pm and 2.30pm-6pm; there are longer hours in July and August.
If you want to stay within the walls, expect to pay a premium. Hôtel de l'Univers (0033 299 408 952; univers-saint-malo.com) is on Place Chateaubriand (6). Doubles from €116 in high season; breakfast is €9 per person.
Hôtel Elizabeth (7) at 2 Rue des Cordiers (0033 299 562 498; st-malo-hotel-elizabeth.com) occupies one of the rare 16th-century buildings that survived the Second World War. Doubles from €105, including breakfast.
A couple of kilometres beyond the city walls is the Grand Hôtel des Thermes (8) on the Grande Plage (0033 299 407 500; le-grand-hotel-des-thermes.com), with fantastic views and a health spa. A double room costs €184 in high season; breakfast is €21 per person.
The cobbled streets within the old walls are a shopper's delight. Hours can be whiled away browsing the boutiques and craft shops. High on the list for book lovers should be Librairie Septentrion (9) at 2 Place Brevet, a specialist in old tomes and antique texts.
St-Malo also has more than 20 galleries dotted around its narrow streets, ranging from specialists in contemporary ceramics and jewellery to traditional landscape and maritime art. To help point you in the right direction, pick up a guide to the city's offerings from the tourist office.
Lunch on the run
For a quick lunch head to the Lion d'Or (0033 299 563 602; maison-hector.com) on Place Chateau-briand (6). Grab a table in the sun and order the Marmite de St-Jacques -- a leek, mushroom and scallop stew, served in a pot with rice. Not cheap at €16 but divine.
Take a hike
A walk along the ramparts that guard the old city is a pure joy. Start with a visit to the castle and the city museum (4), open 10am-noon and 2pm-6pm daily from April to September; €5.40. Exhibitions chart the city's prosperity, taking visitors through the ages from the intrepid explorer Jacques Cartier, coloniser of Canada, and François-René de Chateaubriand, the trailblazer of romanticism in French literature, through to the Second World War and the devastation and subsequent reconstruction of the old city.
Exit the museum and make your way anti-clockwise around the ramparts, taking note of the Fort National, across the bay, built during the reign of King Louis XIV in 1689.
Continue anti-clockwise, passing the Tour Bidouane lookout (10) over Grand Bé island, the burial place of Chateaubriand. At low tide it can be reached on foot using a cobbled path. Should you choose to visit, be sure to keep one eye on the tide because the path can become quickly submerged. Alternatively, choose to remain at your vantage point on the ramparts, where fun can be had watching a small flotilla of boats assemble, ready to help any stranded tourists as the tide rolls in.
Carry on to the Bastion de la Hollande (11), where a statue of Jacques Cartier takes in the view over the Rance river estuary. Stop and gaze out over the river to the town of Dinard and Cap Fréhel.
Make your way round towards the Great Gate (12), the oldest in St-Malo. Be sure to take in the view down the Grand Rue towards the Cathedral St-Vincent (3). Complete your walk by continuing on to the St Vincent Gate, the exterior of which is decorated with the coat of arms of Brittany, pausing to peer down on the busy Place Chateaubriand (6), before rejoining the bustle of the citadelle.
For something a bit different try Café La Java (13) at 3 Rue Sainte-Barbe (0033 299 564 190; lajavacafe.com). It is owned by Jean-Jacques Samoy, who invites you to "enter my madness". Swings greet you at the bar and the café is adorned with memorabilia including kitsch postcards and antique instruments. Order a Kir Breton for €3, a delicious local concoction combining cassis and cider, and let your eyes wander over the weird and wonderful.
Dining with the locals
The restaurant Bouche en Folie (14) at 14 Rue du Boyer (0033 672 490 889; boucheenfolie.eresto.net) is a delightful little place offering two courses for €22, three for €28. Menus change every couple of weeks or so; the cooking is first class. If available, a meal of terrine of rabbit followed by sea bream and creamy risotto, finishing with a selection of local cheeses, is particularly recommended.
Sunday morning: go to church
Construction of the Cathedral St-Vincent (3) began in the 1100s but its distinctive spire was not added until the 19th century. The original nave was enlarged in the 1500s and underwent many changes and renovations in the 18th and 19th centuries. Today it boasts a spectacular rose window, designed in 1968 by Raymond Cornon. Mass is held every Sunday at 10am, 11.30am and 6pm.
A walk on the beach
The Plage du Sillon (15) is a sweep of golden sands running east from the citadelle. Strike out for the Pointe de Rochebonne 3km away, taking care over a particularly seaweedy stretch just over half way.
If you are feeling energetic, continue on to Rothéneuf and take the chance to visit the Rochers Sculptés (0033 299 562 395), a series of monsters and dragons carved into the rocks by a hermit, Father Adolphe Fouré, in the 1870s. They are open daily between April and October from 9am-7pm (longer hours in July and August but not in bad weather). Admission €2.50.
It's a good 6km walk back, so if your legs are a little weary head into central Rothéneuf and catch a bus back to St-Malo. Route No 3 gets you to the railway station for €1.05.
Out to brunch
Brunch in St-Malo means only one thing: a galette washed down with a cup of local cider -- no, it's never too early.
Try the crêperie Le Tournesol (16) at 4 Rue des Marins (0033 299 403 623), with its terrace spilling out on to cobbled streets, from 11.30am Sunday. Its speciality galettes start at €5.50 and come with a huge variety of fillings, from smoked Breton sausage and egg to goats' cheese and Camembert.
If you still have room, finish with something sweet -- a crêpe with hot-chocolate sauce is €3.50.
Take a view
For a great view of the citadelle in all its glory, exit the city walls at the Dinan Gate (17) and turn right.
Head out along the 500m-long pier, enjoying views over the outer harbour to St-Servan, before turning to take in the panorama of the walls and the skyline of the old town.
The House of Poets and Writers (18) at 5 Rue du Pélicot (0033 299 402 877; www.mipe.asso.fr/malo) dates back to 1676 and is one of only a handful of wood-fronted houses left in the citadelle.
Today it hosts exhibitions, conferences and workshops ranging from literary walks to poetry translations. Recent exhibitions have included Rougerie éditions: 60 Ans Et Plus De Résistance En Poésie, marking 62 years of René Rougerie's poetry reviews, and Labyrinthes, engravings and paintings by René Le Hérissé.
The icing on the cake
For a different perspective on the city take a sea-bus from the Cale de Dinan (19) over to the town of Dinard.
The journey takes a mere 10 minutes (€6.70 return) but offers great views back over to St-Malo and down the River Rance.