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What to do when the sirens sound

The Institute of Advanced Motorists (IAM) has offered the following advice on what to do if faced with an emergency on the road.

Keep your cool -- if you see or hear an emergency vehicle approaching, aid concentration by turning off your music, and take a few seconds to plan your next move. Acting in a state of panic could be dangerous and further delay the emergency vehicle.

• Stop -- look for somewhere to pull over and stop if it's safe to do so, even if the emergency vehicle is on the other side of the road.

Indicators can be used to show that you have acknowledged the approaching blue lights and intend to move, but avoid usage if it could confuse other road users.

• Stay safe -- avoid pulling on to kerbs, pavements and verges -- verges can mask numerous hazards and mounting the pavement can put pedestrians at risk.

• Abide by the law -- If you go through a red light or into a bus lane to make way for an emergency vehicle, unless directed to do so by a police officer, you are breaking the law and could be fined, irrespective of your good intentions.

• Stay alert -- be aware that there may be more than one emergency vehicle on the approach. Listen for more than one siren, look all around before moving off, and bear in mind that you may need to move over again.

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