Women are living longer and are more qualified than men, but work fewer hours and earn less than their male counterparts.
A report on men and women in 2010 showed females are under-represented in the Oireachtas and are still the vast majority of those looking after the home and family.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) also said that while most workers in the health and education sectors were women, fewer held senior positions.
Elsewhere it found more men were emigrating, leaving school earlier and were also more likely to die at a young age - with higher death rates to suicide and car accidents.
The prison population was also overwhelmingly male and and most murder victims were men.
The report was compiled from a series of statistics from over the last four years as the country's once booming economy was gripped by recession.
It showed women lived an average 81.6 years, nearly five years more than men, and had the highest fertility rate in Europe.
A sixth of hospital stays by women related to pregnancy and childbirth, but they were also more likely to be admitted to hospital with depression while more men were treated for schizophrenia and alcohol disorders.
Seven out of 10 males aged over 15 were in the labour force - either at work or unemployed - in 2010.
While the rate for men working in Ireland plummeted to 64.5% last year, the unemployment rate soared to 16.7pc for men and 9.8pc for women.
More than half a million women were looking after home/family last year compared with 7,500 men.
The CSO said that while immigration to Ireland peaked when 60,300 men moved to Ireland in 2006 and 52,100 women arrived in 2007, it fell sharply last year.
"Emigration rose steeply between 2006 and 2010, especially for men, resulting in a net outflow of 25,100 males and 9,400 females in 2010," it added.