Timeline: Martin McGuinness led a successful career full of major political moments
Martin McGuinness has led a successful life with a career full of major political moments, civil rights movements and leadership.
Born in Derry on May 23 1950, McGuinness was one of seven children. After becoming politically active in the civil rights movement in Northern Ireland, McGuinness joined the IRA.
By the age of 21, he was second-in-command of the IRA in Derry at the time of the Bloody Sunday shootings, where 13 unarmed civil rights protesters were murdered by British soldiers in Derry.
McGuinness was convicted by the Special Criminal Court in the Republic of Ireland in 1973, following his arrest near a car that held explosives and ammunition.
McGuinness withdrew from his involvement in the organisation in 1974. Becoming more prominent in the political scene, McGuinness quickly became one of the most known faces in Sinn Fein, along with Gerry Adams.
He became the MP for Mid Ulster in May 1997 and held that role until January 2013.
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McGuinness was Sinn Fein’s leading negotiator throughout the talks that led to the Good Friday Agreement.
Following the passing of the agreement, McGuinness was nominated by Sinn Fein for a ministerial position, of which he became the Minister of Education on December 2 1999.
2005 saw McGuinness aid in securing IRA arms decommissioning.
In May 2007, McGuinness was appointed as Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, while Democratic Unionist Party leader Ian Paisley was elected as First Minister.
McGuinness was announced as the Sinn Fein candidate in the 2011 Irish presidential election. He placed third in the first preference vote, behind Michael D. Higgins and Sean Gallagher.
McGuinness resigned as Deputy First Minister on January 9 2017, in protest of Stormont’s handling of a failed energy scheme.
January 19 2017 saw McGuinness announce that he was quitting frontline politics to focus on recovering from a serious illness.