Explainer: Who’s who on Leo Vardakar’s Cabinet team?
Taoiseach Leo Varadkar announced details of his cabinet shake-up today, which includes three new faces and a departmental shuffle.
Here's who the country's youngest ever Taoiseach has chosen:
Name: Leo Varadkar
Constituency: Dublin West
Experience: Minister for Tourism and Transport (2011-2014); Health (2014-2016); Social Protection (2016-2017)
Biography: Despite his youth, Varadkar is a lifelong Fine Gael activist. He is the youngest child of an Indian doctor and Irish nurse.
He is a qualified medical doctor. In January 2015 he became Ireland’s first openly-gay cabinet minister.
Easily won on confidence of his parliamentary colleagues in leadership contest but lost the membership vote.
Rivals argue he is untested.
Tánaiste and Minister for Enterprise & Innovation
Name: Frances Fitzgerald
Constituency: Dublin Mid-West
Experience: Minister for Children and Youth Affairs (2011-2014); Justice 2014-2017). Appointed Tánaiste on May 6, 2016.
Biography: Ms Fitzgerald considered but rejected the idea of a tilt at the leadership herself.
Backed Mr Varadkar in the opening days of the contest.
As Justice Minister she headed the government response to Dublin’s gang war and the international terrorism threat.
But she has struggled with a series of garda controversies from allegations about the treatment of whistleblowers, to the recording of almost a million bogus driver breath tests.
Minister for Education & Skills
Name: Richard Bruton
Constituency: Dublin Bay North
Experience: Junior industry and commerce minister (1986-1987); Minister for Enterprise and Employment (1994-1997); Jobs and Enterprise (2011-2016) Education (2016- 2017).
Biography: The younger brother of former Taoiseach John Bruton. A Dáil veteran, Richard Bruton was first elected in 1982.
Appointed as Jobs Minister by Enda Kenny in 2011, despite his ill-fated heave in 2010 against the former Fine Gael leader.
An economist by profession, more than 135,000 jobs were created on his watch in the Fine Gael-Labour coalition.
Brought the jobs ‘action plan’ model to education initiatives.
Minister for Foreign Affairs & Trade
Name: Simon Coveney
Constituency: Cork South Central
Experience: Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine 2011-2016; Defence added to his Agriculture portfolio in 2014; Minister for Housing Planning, Community and Local Government May 6, 2016- June 14, 2017.
Biography: First elected to the Dáil in a 1998 by-election, replacing his late father Hugh. Euro MEP 2004-2007.
Led the response to the 2013 horse meat scandal and as defence minister dispatched the Irish Navy to the Mediterranean to save migrants’ lives. Most recently tasked with ending the government’s water charges nightmare and tackling the housing crisis.
Lost Fine Gael leadership contest to Leo Varadkar but won a majority among party members.
Mr Varadkar had the backing of the majority of TDs and Senators ending the race in the first 48 hours.
Minister for Justice & Equality
Name: Charles Flanagan
Experience: Minister for Children and Youth Affairs May 2014-July 2014; Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade 2014 to June 14, 2017.
Biography: First elected to the Dáil in 1987, Mr Flanagan briefly served as Minister for Children before being moved to Foreign Affairs amid a July 2014 reshuffle.
Heavily involved in Brexit preparations for Brexit with intensive shuttle diplomacy around Europe to highlight Ireland’s unique circumstances.
Has also spent much time in the North as the Irish and British governments attempt to salvage the power-sharing executive after it collapsed in January.
A solicitor by training, he was previously opposition justice spokesman.
Minister for Finance and Department of Public Expenditure & Reform
Name: Paschal Donohoe
Constituency: Dublin Central
Experience: Junior Minister for European Affairs 2013-2014; Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport 2014-2016; Public Expenditure and Reform 2016-June 14, 2017.
Biography: Strongly tipped as a future Fine Gael leader, Mr Donohoe did not contest in this year’s election.
His public expenditure department was arguably more powerful than former minister Michael Noonan’s finance department in preparing for Budget 2017, as the bulk of the spending on public services rather than tax cuts.
Was a key early supporter of Mr Varadkar once the contest officially started.
Has done the new Taoiseach another favour by reaching a draft public pay deal. Budget 2018 is now his big challenge.
Minister for Arts and Culture
Name: Heather Humphreys
Experience: Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht 2014-2016; Minister for Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs 2016-June 14, 2017.
Biography: Shortly after being appointed Arts Minister, Ms Humphreys was dragged into a controversy over the appointment of Fine Gael member John McNulty to the Irish Museum of Modern Art board ahead of a planned bid for the Seanad.
She later headed the massively successful 1916 commemorations. After the 2016 general election got a strengthened brief adding regional and rural affairs.
She launched the government’s Creative Ireland initiative earlier this year.
Minister for Community & Rural Affairs
Name: Michael Ring
Experience: Junior Minister for Sport (2011-2016) and junior for rural development 2016-2017.
Biography: One of the stand-out characters from any party at Leinster House.
A huge vote-getter in his native Mayo where he often rivalled his party colleague and former Taoiseach, Enda Kenny.
A TD since 1994, he might well have been minister earlier had he been in any other constituency. An early backer of Leo Varadkar’s leadership bid.
Minister for Housing, Planning & Local Government
Name: Eoghan Murphy
Constituency: Dublin Bay South.
Experience: Junior minister for financial services since May 2016.
Biography: First elected to Dáil in 2011 have been a Dublin city councillor since 2009.
Seen as a key member of Leo Varadkar’s leadership election campaign this year.
One of the so-called “five-a-side” football grouping of backbenchers who were critical of Enda Kenny’s leadership from early on.
Previously worked in Vienna for the United Nations.
Minister for Social Protection
Name: Regina Doherty
Constituency: Meath East
Experience: Government chief whip 2016-2017
Biography: A sometimes controversial figure first elected TD in 2011.
Unsuccessfully contested 2007 election and served on Meath County Council.
Clashed with government over pylons for an electricity inter-connector crossing her constituency. But this did not impede her promotion to the first team.
Minister for Health
Name: Simon Harris
Previous Experience: Junior Minister at the Office of Public Works 2014-2016; Minister for Heath 2016-June 14, 2017
Biography: The youngest TD in 2011, he was appointed to Cabinet at the age of 29 last year in the difficult health department.
Since then he has grappled with emergency department overcrowding and lengthy hospital waiting lists.
Had a win earlier this month when a row over the ownership of the planned new National Maternity Hospital at the St Vincent’s campus was defused.
The foundation stone of the new National Children’s Hospital has finally been laid on his watch.
However, as the only senior minister to back Simon Coveney in the leadership race, was considered lucky to stay in Cabinet though in a job not many colleagues would relish.
Minister for Agriculture, Food & the Marine
Name: Michael Creed
Constituency: Cork North-West
Previous Experience: Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine 2016-June 2017.
Biography: Mr Creed was a long time waiting for promotion to the ministerial ranks.
First elected in 1989, he backed Richard Bruton in the heave against Enda Kenny in 2010.
That experience perhaps explained his refusal to declare for a candidate in this year’s leadership contest, despite Simon Coveney also hailing from Cork.
Mr Creed will have a key role in the government Brexit response given the huge economic importance of agriculture.
Minister for Communications, Climate Action & Environment
Name: Denis Naughten
Experience: Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment 2016- June 2017
Biography: Mr Naughten was expelled from Fine Gael in 2011 for opposing a government decision to downgrade Roscommon Hospital’s emergency department.
Supported the Fine Gael-led minority government last year and was appointed to the Communications brief which includes responsibility for the key pledge to roll-out high quality broadband in rural areas.
Mr Naughten has repeatedly said he has no intention of re-joining Fine Gael.
Is overseeing the tricky plan for pay-by-weight bin charges due back on the political agenda in the coming weeks.
Minister for Transport, Tourism & Sport
Name: Shane Ross
Experience: Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport since May 2016.
Biography: Former stockbroker turned financial journalist, was a Senator for TCD (1981-2011).
A former Fine Gael member and candidate he later as an Independent had a very spikey relationship with the party.
Has been frequently criticised for avoiding transport disputes and devoting too much time to issues beyond his departmental brief.
More recently under fire for using his cabinet post to further constituency interests – something he always condemned as a journalist and senator.
Minister for Children & Youth Affairs
Name: Katherine Zappone
Constituency: Dublin South West
Experience: Minister for Children and Youth Affairs 2016-2017.
Biography: Came to prominence as a gay rights campaigner seeking the right to have marriage to her long-time partner Ann-Louis Gilligan legally recognised.
Was CEO of the National Women’s Council of Ireland and an adult education advocate.
Was backed by Labour for Senate nomination 2011-2016. Independent TD since 2016.
Minister of State at the Department of Social Protection, the Department of Justice & Equality, and the Department of Health with special responsibility for Disability Issues
Name: Finian McGrath
Constituency: Dublin Bay North
Experience: “Super Junior” Minister for Disability Issues 2016-2017.
Biography: A former teacher and councillor first elected as an Independent TD in 2002 and on three occasions since.
He is a long-time disability rights’ campaigner and was supporter of the well-known Independent TD Tony Gregory.
He made common cause with the diverse Independent Alliance, overlooking political differences.
Often an outspoken government critic, he had early difficulties in government, which have since appeared calmed.
Minister of State at the Department of Education with special responsibility for Higher Education
Name: Mary Mitchell O’Connor
Constituency: Dún Laoghaire
Experience: Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation
Biography: A former primary school principal and Progressive Democrats councillor, Ms Mitchell O’Connor was first elected to the Dáil in 2011.
Achieved brief notoriety for driving her car down the stairs of the Leinster House plinth. Appointed jobs minister after last year’s general election. Her Cabinet position has been considered by some to be at risk amid criticism of her performance. She has clung on but with a demotion.
Chief Whip & Minister of State at the Department of Culture with responsibility for Gaeilge, Gaeltacht and the Islands
Name: Joe McHugh
Experience: Junior Gaeltacht Minister 2014-2014 and junior minister for diaspora 2016-2017.
Biography: The former teacher became a Fine Gael senator in 2002 and a TD in 2007.
In July 2014 he was the focus of controversy when appointed Gaeltacht Minister unable to speak Irish.
He since distinguished himself by re-learning Irish to a high standard. His assignment to Irish language promotion is a signal the new Taoiseach is serious about Irish.
Donegal has not had a full Cabinet minister since 1957. Now they are almost there as he will attend government meetings but cannot vote.
Mr McHugh’s wife, Olwyn Enright, was Fine Gael TD for Laois-Offaly 2002-2011.
Minister of State at the Department of the Taoiseach and the Department of Defence with special responsibility for Defence
Name: Paul Kehoe
Previous Experience: Government chief whip 2011-2016. Junior minister responsible for defence 2016-2017.
Biography: The Wexford farmer has been a Fine Gael TD since 2002.
A close ally of Enda Kenny, whom he served as party chief whip 2004-2011.
In this role he helped defeat the June 2010 botched leadership heave against Mr Kenny. He supported Leo Varadkar in the recent party leadership election.