Flood-risk management Timeline
How inaction took its toll on towns
2004: Interdepartmental group recommends that future flood-risk management should be adopted across river basin areas. In October, flooding causes damages totalling €38m.
2005-2008: Office of Public Works sets up pilot projects to prepare flood maps and analyse risks.
2006: Interdepartmental Co-Ordination Group begins meeting to oversee national co-ordination of flood-risk management and flooding response. Stops meeting in 2009. In December that year, there is severe flood damage in Crossmolina, Co Mayo, after the River Deel burst its banks.
2008: In July and August, severe flood damage is caused in west Limerick, Kildare, Dublin and Carlow. Insurance Ireland puts the bill at €96m.
2009: National CFRAM Steering Group begins meeting, but concludes in 2010.
July, 2009: Heavy rainfall and thunderstorms cause flooding in Mayo and Dublin.
November, 2009: Severe flooding in many parts of the country causes extensive damage, particularly in Cork and Galway. International Red Cross classifies Cork flooding as being on the scale of a world disaster. Costs of damage put at €244m across Cork and the Shannon region.
October, 2011: Flooding across the Greater Dublin Area and Wicklow results in Dublin City Council activating a major emergency plan. Two people lose their lives and there is significant damage, totalling €127m.
June, 2012: Several parts of Cork affected by flash flooding, with damage put at €54m.
January/February 2014: Limerick, Clare, Galway city, Cork and Waterford left under water after an exceptional series of winter storms cause serious coastal damage.
December, 2015: Storm Desmond causes havoc across large parts of the Shannon river basin. The costs are believed to be €65m.
Sources: (C&AG, Insurance Ireland)