Northern Ireland’s first Police Ombudsman has recalled losing her unborn baby after surviving an IRA bomb in 1977.
In an emotional speech in the House of Lords, Baroness Nuala O’Loan who served in the newly created role from 1999-2007 said “the legacy of the Troubles lives on in all our hearts” as she recalled surviving the blast while pregnant in Jordanstown.
The Northern Ireland Troubles (Legacy and Reconciliation) Bill had its second reading in the House of Lords on Wednesday.
The proposed law would provide an effective amnesty for those suspected of killings during the conflict if they agree to co-operate with a new body, known as the Independent Commission for Reconciliation and Information Recovery (Icrir).
The Bill would also prohibit future civil cases and inquests related to Troubles crimes.
It has been almost universally opposed by parties across the political divide in Northern Ireland as well as all victims groups.
“I think (of all) who have been affected by the Troubles and I include all those who were affected by the deaths that occurred here in Westminster - I think of Airey Neave - and I think of all the bombs that occurred here in England," said Baroness O’Loan, who is an independent crossbench peer.
"And they live in my heart for my lost baby who died before he was born in a bomb explosion. They live in the dreadful sectarian attack, murderous attack on my son.”
She continued to say there was an investigation but that “we always knew that investigation would go nowhere because people were so afraid of the loyalist paramilitaries that no one would come forward to give evidence."
The former ombudsman added: “That is the legacy and the reality of life in Northern Ireland."
Baroness O’Loan has five sons with her husband, former SDLP MLA Declan O'Loan.
In her speech, Baroness O’Loan went on to criticise the bill’s inclusion of reviews instead of investigations, and what she claimed to be the “extensive involvement of the Secretary of State in the provisions.”
Speaking ahead of the Bill's reading, NI Secretary Chris Heaton-Harris said: “I have been clear that the Government would consider changes to this Bill seriously.
“The changes announced today reflect the significant engagement that has taken place on the Bill, and seek to address concerns that have been raised by many stakeholders."
As he outlined those proposed changes, Northern Ireland Office minister Lord Caine revealed he has personally found the controversial legislation “extremely challenging”.
The amendments included confirmation the commission will be able to conduct criminal investigations and ensure individuals who deliberately mislead it can be prosecuted and have their immunity revoked.
Sentencing legislation would also be disapplied to who choose not to tell the commission what they know and are then convicted of an offence so they face a full, rather than a reduced, sentence, while the fine for non-compliance would also be increased.
Steps would also be taken to strengthen the commission’s independence.
Opening the second reading debate in the upper chamber, Lord Caine said: “I am the first to acknowledge that some of the proposals outlined in this Bill have met with far from universal acclamation in Northern Ireland itself.
“I fully appreciate that for many this legislation, despite some significant changes… remains deeply challenging. And in being completely candid I count myself among that number. I have found this legislation personally extremely challenging.”
Earlier he told peers: “More than two-thirds of Troubles-related cases are now over 40 years old and it is commonly accepted that the likelihood of prosecutions, regardless of resources, is extremely remote.
“The Government has therefore taken the view that better outcomes for families are more likely to be achieved by a process of information recovery, acknowledgement and accountability.”
Labour leader in the Lords Baroness Smith of Basildon said: “Passing this bill, without significant amendment, might create a structure – it will establish a new commission – but unless it has the understanding and support of those who have a direct interest, it’s not going to make any difference.”
Raising his concerns, former Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales Lord Judge said: “We are being asked to legislate that men and women who are guilty of murder should be exempted from prosecution.
“If the bill is enacted in its present form, they will literally be getting away or have got away with murder.
“And they will have got away with some of the most deliberate and cold-blooded killings that we have known in this country.”
Labour former Northern Ireland secretary Lord Hain said: “The word reconciliation appears in the title of this Bill and there’s a cruel irony in that because this Bill is not about reconciliation and if enacted it would not aid reconciliation.
“Because in essence it is saying to victims and survivors of the Troubles in Northern Ireland that what happened to you and your loved ones no longer matters.
“And to the perpetrators of some of the most horrific crimes imaginable, that what you did no longer matters.
“What is set out in this Bill is utterly shameful and I cannot support it.”
He added: “The effect of this legislation would be to make some of the most heinous crimes simply disappear.
“It’s an insult to victims and survivors and an affront to the rule of law.
“I am flatly opposed to this Bill and given the opportunity will vote to kill it.”
Ulster Unionist Party peer Lord Rogan branded the legislation “distasteful”.
He said: “The Ulster Unionist Party believe that those who broke the law should be held accountable to the law no matter who they are. Terrorists, police officers, soldiers, civilians or politicians.
“We have always opposed the idea of an amnesty.
“Victims and their families have a right to retain the hope that one day they may get justice even though they realise that with the passage of time that prospect becomes ever more difficult.”
Former SDLP leader Baroness Ritchie of Downpatrick said: “I honestly feel that this Bill should be scrapped and scrapped now.”