Laffoy will chair '8th' assembly
Supreme Court judge Mary Laffoy will chair the Citizen's Assembly, which will examine the issue of the Eighth Amendment.
Ms Justice Laffoy's appointment was approved by Ministers at their final Cabinet meeting before the summer recess.
The assembly, which will comprise of 99 citizens selected at random, is due to hold its first meeting in September.
Some €600,000 has been budgeted for the assembly's work.
The assembly is also examining Ireland's ageing population, the way referenda are held and a fixed term parliament.
"The 'Programme for a Partnership Government' commits the Government to 'the establishment of a Citizens' Assembly, within six months and without participation by politicians, with a mandate to look at a limited number of key issues over an extended time period," a spokesperson for the Government said.
"A Resolution approving the establishment of the Assembly was recently passed by both Houses of the Oireachtas."
Ms Justice Laffoy is highly regarded within legal circles and presided over the commission of inquiry into child abuse.
Separately, the Cabinet announced a number of judicial appointments.
Among them was Leonie Reynolds, the daughter of the late former Taoiseach Albert Reynolds. Ms Reynolds is to be appointed to the High Court once a vacancy arises following the elevation of Mr Justice John Hedigan to the Court of Criminal Appeal.