The gender pay gap in Ireland is at 14pc the Citizens' Assembly has heard, with men holding PhDs earning around €20,000 more than women with the same qualification.
Elaine O'Mahoney, from the Central Statistics Office, told the Assembly, gathered for its first day of discussions on gender, that there was a gender disparity in paid work, home and family life, caring, education, politics and public life.
"We can see the gender pay gap for Ireland has risen slightly for Ireland over three years from 13.9pc in 2015 to 14.4pc in 2017," Ms O'Mahoney said.
However, the gender gap widens further to 16pc for those aged 45 to 54 and 19pc for those 55 to 59.
Data shows women with a PhD earn around €53,000 while men with PhDs, earn just under €70,000.
Women with a postgraduate qualification earn around €42,000 compared to a salary of around €56,000 for men with the same qualification.
Women with an honours degree are on a salary of approximately €34,000 while men with the same qualification are on approximately €45,000.
The CSO data explored statistics from 2009 to 2019 when rates of employment dropped during the recession and then recovered.
"The rates [of employment]for men dropped from about 69pc in 2009 to about 63pc in 2012 before rising to about 75pc in 2019," Ms O'Mahoney said.
"The employment rate for women in Ireland dropped from about 59pc in 2009 to about 56pc in 2012 before rising to nearly 64pc in 2019.
"What's really clear is there's a definite gender gap in employment rates for men and women.
"In 2019, the employment rate for men was nearly 11pc points higher than for women.
"There's gender segregation in some occupations, in managerial roles, computing, trades, IT, where most workers are men.
"In primary teaching, nursing and retail, most workers are women. Accountancy, law and medicine are close to equal [male and female]. In virtually all occupations the median income for men is higher.
"We can see the median income for men is higher across nearly all careers."
According to CSO data, male accountants on average earn around €56,000 compared to €42,000 for women.
Male medical practitioners are on approximately €110,000 compared to just under €80,000 for females.
Male programme and software development professionals have salaries of around €60,000 compared to around €42,000 for women in this field.
The only profession where the gap was smaller, yet still apparent, was in teaching. The gap was approximately a couple of thousand euro.
Statistics also revealed most lone parents are women. There are around 143,100 single mothers compared to 24,000 single dads. And single mothers are disproportionately affected by poverty with their children.
The at risk of poverty rate in Ireland in 2018 for lone parents was 36.3pc but this was slightly lower than the EU average of 35.3pc.
Statistics also showed women are more likely to have had a third level education but men have a higher income for reaching all levels of education.