How the asylum process works here in Ireland
STEP ONE: 'I am a refugee' A person presents at a state frontier such as an airport,ferry terminal or border and claims they are a refugee. People who do not present at a port of entry can make a direct application to the Office of the Refugee Applications Commissioner (ORAC). Most refugee applications are made directly to ORAC.
STEP TWO: ORAC
Following a preliminary ORAC interview, applicants are referred to the Reception and Integration Agency (RIA) where the applicants are accommodated pending a full investigation by ORAC.
ORAC's rejection rate is 98.9pc.
If the application succeeds the Justice Minister, who has the final say, is notified.
STEP THREE: RAT
If there is a negative recommendation by ORAC, the applicant has 15 days to appeal the case to the Refugee Appeals Tribunal (RAT). The RAT's overall rejection rate 98.7pc.
STEP FOUR: The Minister
If the RAT rejects the application, it is up to the Justice Minister to decide whether to sign the relevant deportation orders.
STEP FIVE: Court
If an applicant has failed at either the ORAC or RAT phase, they may take a judicial review action in the High Court.
STEP SIX: Deportation
If the High Court upholds the ORAC/RAT decision, they are deported by ministerial order.
However, the minister may grant leave to remain if there is a humanitarian or other compelling reason. In addition, applicants may secure leave to remain if they can prove that they are at real risk of harm in their country of origin.