Saturday 24 February 2018

How the asylum process works here in Ireland

STEP ONE: 'I am a refugee' A person presents at a state frontier such as an airport,ferry terminal or border and claims they are a refugee. People who do not present at a port of entry can make a direct application to the Office of the Refugee Applications Commissioner (ORAC). Most refugee applications are made directly to ORAC.

STEP TWO: ORAC

Following a preliminary ORAC interview, applicants are referred to the Reception and Integration Agency (RIA) where the applicants are accommodated pending a full investigation by ORAC.

ORAC's rejection rate is 98.9pc.

If the application succeeds the Justice Minister, who has the final say, is notified.

STEP THREE: RAT

If there is a negative recommendation by ORAC, the applicant has 15 days to appeal the case to the Refugee Appeals Tribunal (RAT). The RAT's overall rejection rate 98.7pc.

STEP FOUR: The Minister

If the RAT rejects the application, it is up to the Justice Minister to decide whether to sign the relevant deportation orders.

STEP FIVE: Court

If an applicant has failed at either the ORAC or RAT phase, they may take a judicial review action in the High Court.

STEP SIX: Deportation

If the High Court upholds the ORAC/RAT decision, they are deported by ministerial order.

However, the minister may grant leave to remain if there is a humanitarian or other compelling reason. In addition, applicants may secure leave to remain if they can prove that they are at real risk of harm in their country of origin.

Irish Independent

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