'Sugar tax' on fizzy drinks raises €32m, but none of it goes on tackling obesity
The nation's craving for sweet, fizzy drinks generated €31.72m in the first year of the sugar tax - but not a cent has been directly spent on tackling the obesity crisis.
The tax on sugar-sweetened drinks came into force in May 2018 in a bid to wean children in particular off high-calorie soft drinks.
But all of the proceeds have gone into the Exchequer pool, unlike the UK, which is specifically targeting its sugar tax to fund sports and breakfast clubs.
The tax is, however, having the positive effect of forcing more drinks manufacturers to reformulate their recipes for popular products and reduce their sugar content to avoid the levy.
Professor Donal O'Shea, the HSE's lead on obesity, is to make a renewed bid to get the Government in the upcoming Budget to pump a substantial slice of the takings from the tax into improving lifestyle habits and also the treatment of people who are severely overweight.
"It is a missed opportunity not to use some of the revenue raised in prevention and treatment of obesity," he said.
"There is a Government policy and action on obesity, but it needs resources."
The annual budget for the Healthy Ireland fund has remained around €5m, which is not going far enough, as stark figures show at least one in five children is overweight or obese. One in four adults is classed as obese.
Asked if it intended to direct some of the sugar tax take to fighting obesity, a spokesperson for the Department of Finance said hypothecation -the dedication of the revenue from a specific tax for a particular expenditure purpose - was not a feature of the Irish tax system in general.
It is opposed to hypothecation of Exchequer receipts as it reduces the flexibility of the Government to prioritise and allocate funds as necessary at a particular time.
"An annual budget is allocated to the Department of Health as part of the estimates process, and that is assigned according to the needs within that department, including in relation to measures to tackle the problem of obesity."
In response, Prof O'Shea described this attitude as "tired and tiresome".
"The reality is that we are at increased financial risk by not treating obesity properly," he said.
He welcomed the fact that the tax is leading to a cut in the sugar content of a growing number of fizzy drinks.
The tax allows a levy of 16c per litre for drinks with between 5-8g of sugar per 100ml. It rises to 24c a litre for varieties with more than 8g.
When VAT is included, this works out at 20c per litre for drinks with between 5-8g of sugar per 100ml, and 30c per litre for drinks with more than 8g of sugar per 100ml.
"A less than anticipated take from the tax is a good thing," he said.
Some products, such as Lucozade, Fanta, Sprite and Vimto, changed their recipes so they contain less than 5g of sugar and avoid the tax. Others, including Coca Cola and Pepsi, still produce classic varieties with the traditional sugar-sweetened recipe.
A 330ml can of cola contains 139 calories and 35g of sugar, equivalent to more than eight teaspoons.