Modern life is killing children, with the number of youngsters diagnosed with cancer rising 40pc in the past 16 years because of air pollution, pesticides, poor diets and radiation, scientists have warned.
The rise is most apparent in teenagers and young adults aged between 15 and 24, where the incident rate has risen from around 10 cases in 100,000 to nearly 16.
Researchers say that although some of the rise can be explained by improvements in cancer diagnoses and more screening, the majority is probably caused by environmental factors.
Dr Denis Henshaw, Professor of Human Radiation Effects at Bristol University, the scientific adviser for Children with Cancer UK, which carried out analysis of official figures, said air pollution was by far the biggest culprit. It accounts for around 40pc of the rise, but other elements of modern lifestyles are also to blame.
Among these are obesity, pesticides and solvents inhaled during pregnancy, circadian rhythm disruption through too much bright light at night, radiation from X-rays and CT scans, smoking during and after pregnancy, magnetic fields from power lines, gadgets in homes - and potentially radiation from mobile phones.
"When you look at cancers such as childhood leukaemia there is no doubt that environmental factors are playing a big role," said Dr Henshaw. "We were shocked to see the figures, and it's our modern lifestyle, I'm afraid.
"Many items on the list of environmental causes are now known to be carcinogenic, such as air pollution and pesticides and solvents. There has been good research to suggest a mother's diet can damage DNA in cord blood. Light at night we know is very disruptive for the body, which is why shift workers have such bad health.
"Burnt barbecues, the electric fields of power lines, the electricity supply in your home, hairdryers - it's all of these things coming together, and it seems to be teenagers and young people that are most affected.
"What's worrying is it is very hard to avoid a lot of these things. How can you avoid air pollution? It sometimes feels like we are fighting a losing battle."
More than 200 children and young people are diagnosed with cancer every year in Ireland.
Experts believe many cancers could be prevented with lifestyle changes such as allowing children to attend nursery to boost their immune system, not painting children's rooms with oil-based paints, and avoiding night-shift work and processed meats in pregnancy. (©Daily Telegraph, London)
Two years ago, Aoife Harrington received devastating news. Then just 24 years old, the Mayo native was living in Abu Dhabi and enjoying her carefree youth and freedom. But that all changed when her doctor told her she had cervical cancer.