Breast and lung cancer in Dublin 'significantly high'
Men living in the West of the country have a greater risk of getting prostate cancer while women in Dublin and Cork have a higher risk of breast cancer.
A new "health atlas" that maps incidences of different types of cancer across Ireland has identified counties with higher than expected rates of cancer.
The map was compiled by the National Cancer Registry which tracked cancer rates in counties between 1994 and 2012.
It reveals that men living in Galway, Mayo, Sligo, Roscommon, Cork and Wicklow have a greater chance of getting prostate cancer.
Breast cancer rates in Dublin and Cork are described as "significantly high".
Lung cancer - which is mostly caused by smoking - is significantly higher in Louth, Carlow, Kildare and Dublin.
Meanwhile, the risk of bowel cancer was high in Cork, where 268 cases were diagnosed each year against an expected rate by head of population of 241.
In Dublin, the annual incidence of bowel cancer was 563, even though it should be 547 when based on national averages.
Cancer incidence rates in Ireland remain high, with 2012 rates 10pc higher on average than those in Europe for men and 16pc higher for women.
Dr Robert O'Connor, head of research at the Irish Cancer Society, said: "There are a number of factors that can go towards explaining the difference in cancer rates between counties. Population age, urban health behavioural patterns and socioeconomic differences are some of them. Socioeconomic circumstances are not associated with increased risk of prostate cancer, so age is more likely to be the major factor."