A female bishop has called on Pope Francis to publicly apologise to the women of Ireland for the Church's "toxic" policies towards them.
Bishop Bridget Meehan (70), who has been excommunicated by the Catholic Church, celebrated a liturgy in Dublin at the weekend.
Speaking to the Irish Independent, she hit out at the Church's "collusion in devastating policies that hurt women's lives" in Magdalene laundries and mother and baby homes.
"Pope Francis needs to ask forgiveness for the abuse of women by the Catholic Church in Ireland. My cousin suffered cruelty when she was pregnant at a home. She said she wants to hear an apology from Pope Francis, the Church hierarchy and the State, all of whom were in collusion," she said.
She added that the Church had "devastated women through abusive practices" such as its ban on artificial contraception and its ban on women priests.
"The Church is responsible for the suffering of millions of women's lives around the world," she said of the contraceptive ban and highlighted that two-thirds of those in poverty globally are women and their dependent children.
"Pope Francis has got to change toxic Church teaching about contraception as a first step."
Referring to the 50th anniversary of the controversial papal encyclical Humanae Vitae, which banned contraception, Bishop Meehan asked: "When are we going to finally say to couples to make decisions on contraception according to their own conscience?
"The heart of this is patriarchy - males making rules about women's lives, males that have no clue of what it means to be pregnant."
Co Laois-born Bishop Meehan became a priest in the first USA ordination of a woman in Pittsburgh in 2006 and was later ordained a bishop in California in 2009. There are 260 women worldwide who have been ordained Catholic priests, although the Vatican deems such ordinations illicit and excommunicates any women who is ordained.