ESBLs can be difficult to treat
Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases (ESBLs) are bacteria that live in the bowel and that cannot be treated by commonly used antibiotics.
For most patients, ESBLs live harmlessly in the bowel and do not cause infection.
However, sometimes ESBLs can cause infection in patients, for example when they need intensive care or while receiving chemotherapy.
Antibiotics are needed to treat ESBL infection.
ESBLs can cause kidney infections, wound infections, or in severe cases, blood infection.
If a patient is prone to infection and the infection is caused by ESBLs, it can be more difficult to treat.