Eric Ehigie has first-hand experience of racism in Ireland and it can come in many forms.
The 18-year-old of Nigerian background, who arrived in Ireland through the asylum process with his mother when he was about three, remembers how small he was made to feel one day in class when Africa was being characterised as an impoverished continent.
"I came from an African household where I learned about how rich Africa was, not only in wealth but in history and culture and I said, 'Sir, I beg to differ'.
"He belittled what I was saying; I was mortified and I arrived home very sad. My mother wanted to complain, but I said 'no'."
Eric has just completed his first-year studies in corporate law in NUI Galway, but also spent the year as equality officer with the Irish Second Level Students' Union (ISSU), where he got stuck into exploring experiences of discrimination in schools, and how they are seeking to promote diversity.
"Racism was a massive issue along with other areas of discrimination, such as homophobia," he said.
The ISSU promoted the survey via social media platforms and through a number of local educational bodies and centres such as Youthreach - and the findings present a disturbing picture.
Asked whether their schools had worked sufficiently to tackle discrimination, 43pc of students said no and 33pc said yes.
In response to a question about whether other students were being discriminated against because of 'who they are', 59pc said yes, and of those, 58pc said it was because of their race.
Asked whether they, themselves had been discriminated against because of "who they are", 42pc said yes, and of those, 28pc said it was racist, with 31pc putting it down to homophobia.
While the ISSU survey was unscientific and relatively small - 240 responses - it goes a small way to making up for the dearth of research on the topic of racism in education in Ireland.
There was more focus on the issue in the first decade of the 21st century when immigration was newer to Ireland, but it has fallen off the radar.
The lack of attention is also at a time when there is a young and growing generation of immigrant descent, but Irish-born, who may be no more immune to racial discrimination than those born in another country.
According to Dr Fran McGinnity, an associate research professor at the Economic ad Social Research Institute (ESRI ) and adjunct professor of sociology at Trinity College Dublin, of all the ethnic groups in Ireland, the black ethnic group experiences more discrimination.
"This has been a consistent pattern in various surveys over a number of years," she said.
A report on racism against people of African descent in Ireland, called Afrophobia, published in 2015 by the Irish Network Against Racism (INAR), referred to several reports involving schools attended by children of African descent.
There was "evidence demonstrating that the responses by the school were ineffective and sometimes aggravating.
"Assaults by pupils on other pupils were dealt with only as bullying, and not addressed adequately to prevent recurring incidents," it found.
In one case, a teacher was reported to have said to the father of a nine-year-old Nigerian boy that 'your son is behaving like an animal at the zoo'. The school also called a social worker on the parents of the boy alleging he had hit someone, but it was found to have been completely unfounded.
"The parents feel like the school is trying to intimidate them after they complained about the treatment of their son. There have also been a number of other incidents of their son feeling discriminated against at school," it said.
While there are a number of equality initiatives in schools, and there are many outstanding positive exemplars, the report pointed to a lack of an explicit anti-racist strategy in education policy, something INAR director Shane O'Curry said was still missing.
He said a government-wide plan on racism is needed, as there was in 2003-2008. And while he acknowledged that "it didn't have any teeth, at least it was a plan".
He said there needs to be a cultural shift in everything from how schools teach African history to "requiring us to examine how black and other ethnic minority people are represented in our culture, the media, how they are treated by statutory institutions".
This was essential "if we are not to become a society like the US where there is systemic racism. At the moment we are drifting, without any policy".
A surge in contact with INAR has occurred since the Black Lives Matter campaign exploded, including a 1,000-fold increase in hits on its website.