•Bring coloured pencils, a ruler, eraser and calculator into the exam.
•Longer questions are marked on the basis of 'statements' and 'developments'. Expand on the points you are trying to make. Marks can be lost by not explaining the geographical terms that you use.
•Read the question carefully. Be clear on what is being asked before you start writing. For example, if you write an excellent essay about the impact of global warming you will receive zero marks if the question asked you to discuss the causes of global warming.
•Use headings within your answers. If the question asked you to discuss two problems associated with unplanned urban development write out two separate headings where you name two specific problems and then go and discuss each of these in detail.
•Questions that use terms like state, name and list require very short answers. Questions that include words like discuss, explain, and describe require longer answers.
•While studying, pay extra attention to terms that seem complicated and unfamiliar. Each subject has its own set of terms and vocabulary. Make flashcards to learn the terms.
•Between now and the exam use your past papers regularly. Don't just read your text book. Study a topic, then go to your past papers and find some long questions relating to the topic.
•Allow yourself 6 minutes to write an answer without the aid of a book or notes. Next, compare your answer to the textbook.
Example of a flashcard
Feature where a river flows or falls over a vertical slope
Hard rock to soft rock, differential erosion, creates step/drop in river's profile
Erodes by hydraulic action and abrasion
Bottom of waterfall, deepened by hydraulic action & abrasion
Splash & undercutting, collapse
Narrow, steep sided valley. Head-ward erosion
Powerscourt, Co Wicklow; Torc Waterfall, Killarney