Example: 2008, Question 6
C.Political developments in 20th century Ireland
(ii) Write an account of two of the following:
(a)The First Dáil, 1919.
(b)The Civil War, 1922-1923.
(c)Life in Ireland during the Emergency, 1939-1945.
(d)The Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland.(12x2)
Answer: (ii) (d) The Civil Rights Movement in Northern Ireland
In the 1960s Derry City had a 2:1 Nationalist majority, yet the city's corporation was controlled by the Unionist Party. Gerrymandering was used to draw Derry's electoral ward boundaries so as to ensure that Unionists retained control of the local government. SRS Discrimination was practised against Derry's nationalists. Public housing within the nationalist Bogside was of a poor standard and there were long waiting lists. The property based franchise meant that those who did not own their own house could not vote in local elections. SRS In 1967 the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) was founded in Belfast. NICRA issued six demands, including 'one man, one vote'. SRS NICRA took inspiration from Martin Luther King's non-violent campaign for civil rights in the USA. The first NICRA march began in Coalisland and ended in Dungannon, Co Tyrone in August 1968. SRS On 5 October 1968 a NICRA march in Derry was banned by Northern Ireland's Home Affairs Minister, Bill Craig. The RUC used their batons to disperse the marchers. Harold Wilson, the British Prime Minister, put pressure on Terence O'Neill, Northern Ireland's Prime Minister, to introduce a range of reforms to address the grievances of the Civil Rights movement. SRS On 30 January 1972 (Bloody Sunday) NICRA organised a march in Derry to protest against the policy of internment. The march was banned. The Paratroop regiment opened fire on the marchers, killing 14 civilians. [SRS]
Marking scheme: 5 x SRSs at 2 marks each + overall mark 2 = 12 marks