Woman (68) suing two religious orders and HSE over the alleged forced adoption of her baby 45 years ago
A 68-YEAR old woman is suing two religious orders and the HSE over the alleged forced adoption of her four-month-old baby 45 years ago.
At the age of 21, in 1968, she says she was raped near Howth in Dublin, became pregnant, and was sent for pre and post-natal care to St Patrick's mother and baby home on the Navan Road, Dublin, before giving birth in a city hospital in March 1969, the High Court heard.
At that time, she had been living and working in the Magdalene Laundry in Drumcondra, Dublin, having already spent most of her life in care.
From the age of six, she lived in institutions which each had "extremely harsh" environments. In them, she says she was physically abused, went hungry, was frightened a lot of the time and had to work hard for no money.
She was taken out of school in 5th Class and sent to work in laundries and had no freedom whatsoever, it is claimed.
Four months after the birth of her baby, in July 1969, the boy was taken away from her and given up for adoption. Six months later, a nun in the Magdalene Laundry told her if she didn't sign the adoption papers she would be "put out on the street" although she insisted she wanted the child returned to her.
She was only allowed to see her baby in the St Patrick's nursery at feeding time and was not allowed to say goodbye to him, she says.
After the baby was adopted, she ran away from the laundry. She went on to marry and have six more children but following the unexpected death of her husband after 12 years, her life became quite chaotic and there were spells when her children were taken into care.
In 2008, when she began to look for her adopted son, she discovered he had died tragically at the age of 35, the court heard.
She is suing the Daughters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul who she says managed the Navan Road home, and the Sisters of Our Lady of Charity of Refuge who ran the Magdalene Laundry, along with the HSE.
She claims damages for suffering caused by the defendants' involvement in the taking of her first born son without any, or adequate, prior consultation and/or without fully informed consent.
She claims negligence, breach of duty, breach of constitutional rights, and fraud in the way in which the adoption was arranged in breach of the Adoption Act 1952.
The defendants deny the claims.
The Daughters of Charity today asked High Court president Mr Justice Nicholas Kearns to dismiss her claim over delay in bringing proceedings because witnesses and documents are no longer available for them to defend the case properly.
The Daughters also say they did not manage St Patrick's but this was done by predecessor to the HSE, the Eastern Health Board/Dublin Health Authority. The adoption was arranged through St Louise's Adoption Society which was under the control of the health authority and not them, they say
Mr Justice Kearns said he will give his decision later.
Luán Ó'Braonáin SC, for the Daughters, said his client's capacity to defend the case was highly prejudiced by the unavailability of witnesses due to the passage of time. This case was "monumentally old at this juncture" and there had been no explanation given for the delay, he said
Louis McEntagart SC, for the woman, said there was a failure to observe the statutory six month period before the child was taken for adoption.
A nun who was a social worker in St Patrick's in 1969 witnessed a "mother's consent to adoption" document in May 1969 showing the Daughters of Charity were an integral part of the adoption process, it is claimed.