Patrick O'Brien has been sentenced to 12 years in prison with the final three suspended for raping his daughter Fiona Doyle following a finding by the Court of Appeal that his original sentence was too lenient.
The 74-year-old had pleaded guilty at the Central Criminal Court to 16 sample counts of rape and indecent assault of his daughter Ms Doyle at Mackintosh Park, Pottery Road in Dun Laoghaire in the 1970s and 80s.
Sentencing judge Mr Justice Paul Carney had described O'Brien's abuse of his daughter as one of the worst cases one could possibly find.
Taking account of his health problems, Mr Justice Carney sentenced O'Brien to 12 years in prison, suspended the final nine and granted him continuing bail pending an appeal. However, bail was taken from him a few days later, the court heard.
Following a review of his sentence, President of the Court of Appeal Mr Justice Seán Ryan said today that the appropriate sentence for O'Brien was “indeed 12 years but the period of suspension ought to be three years”.
The Court stated last week that despite serious illness and advanced age O'Brien cannot be considered a person for whom prison would be “impossible to tolerate”.
Counsel for O'Brien, Mary Rose Gearty SC, submitted during a short sentencing hearing today that the single most important factor for the court to consider was the plea of guilty entered by O'Brien.
She said a plea of guilty in a very hard case without corroboration must attract significant mitigation in terms of the sentence imposed. Otherwise there was no incentive for a person accused of such a crime to enter a plea of guilty.
“That would be a disaster not just for the victims of abuse but also for the system,” Ms Gearty said.
“Why bother” entering a guilty plea, Ms Gearty said, “if there's no reduction in the sentence” adding that a few years made little difference if one was looking at a sentence of 12 years.
Ms Gearty further submitted that the vindication given to abuse victims in such cases was different to convictions by jury and in cases where perpetrators protested their innocence.
Where there have been pleas of guilty, she said abusers accept responsibility and publicly state their victims are telling the truth.
Ms Gearty asked the court to “seriously consider” the kind of incentive on offer to somebody in that posistion.
Mr Justice Ryan said the three relevant matters were O'Brien's age, his health conditions and what Ms Gearty said were the stand out features of his guilty plea.
He said the court accepted Ms Gearty's points about pleas of guilty in cases such as this, that it was the most important feature of the case and on its own was of particular value.
Mr Justice Ryan said guilty pleas arose where an accused accepted responsibility of their crimes and they were particularly important in cases of historic sexual abuse
Sometimes the experience of victims was that “abused as children” they were “disbelieved as adults,” Mr Justice Ryan said, and a plea of guilty removed one of those potential wrongs.
It was right to aknowledge the plea of guilty in this case and it was indeed aknowledged by Ms Doyle in her powerful victim impact statement to the sentencing judge, Mr Justice Ryan said.
Before making its decision, Mr Justice Ryan said the court wished to observe that if O'Brien's health deteriorated there was a power held by the Executive to take account of that and make necessary arrangements including the power of remission.
Mr Justice Ryan, who sat with Mr Justice Garrett Sheehan and Mr Justice Alan Mahon, said the appropriate sentence for O'Brien was “indeed 12 years but the period of suspension ought to be three years” having regard to mitigating factors.
His new sentence was imposed “on the same conditions” to commence from the same date.
O'Brien, who appeared in court with the assistance of a mobility aid, remained seated while he entered into his own bond of €100 to keep the peace and be of good behaviour from the date of his release.
When asked if he undertook to be so bound, O'Brien said “I do”.