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*According to the CSO, differences that may account for the public/private pay gap include the composition of sectors in terms of job type, the level of trade unionisation and the age profile of staff. **For more recent public service agreements defined contribution pensions are being introduced and these arrangements may already be the norm in some semi-State

*According to the CSO, differences that may account for the public/private pay gap include the composition of sectors in terms of job type, the level of trade unionisation and the age profile of staff. **For more recent public service agreements defined contribution pensions are being introduced and these arrangements may already be the norm in some semi-State

agencies. ***A small minority of more recent public service staff may not have full job security.

Sunday Independent