Obituary: Yvonne Craig, US TV and screen actress
Born May 16, 1937, died August 17, 2015
Yvonne Craig, who has died aged 78 this week, trained as a dancer and became the youngest-ever member of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo; but it was on television that her athletic grace won legions of fans, as Batgirl to Adam West's Batman.
Now fondly remembered as an example of 1960s camp, Batman, made by the ABC television network, was steeped in the Pop Art sensibility of the era.
The storylines were comic, the sets garish, and colourful bubble words like KAPOW!, BAM! and ZOK! livened up the fight sequences.
When audience figures started to pall towards the end of the decade, the writers decided to freshen up the show by bringing in the character of Barbara Gordon, a good-looking librarian who pursues a second career as the crime-fighting Batgirl.
The producer, Howie Horwitz, was anxious to preserve the character's femininity, so Batgirl was forbidden to punch her various on-screen nemeses, relying instead on high kicks and handily placed objects.
While Adam West had his black Batcycle (with a detachable self-propelled sidecar for Robin), Yvonne Craig drove a purple version with a large yellow bow.
She did most of her own stunts, which were made all the more uncomfortable by the bat wings that had replaced the motorcycle's shock absorbers - "like jumping off a table stiff-legged", as she once put it.
Such dedication could not halt the show's decline, however, and after one more series it was cancelled in 1968.
Looking back, Craig expressed disappointment in the way the character was handled after her initial test screening. "When we did the pilot, Batgirl was supposed to be not only as good as the guys but better," she recalled.
"She ended up being this cute little bland character, when she could have been more in the style of Katharine Hepburn."
None the less, her performance was eagerly taken up by feminist critics as a spirited example of the hard-working career girl - an ally to the hero, rather than his dependent.
In 1972 Craig took up the role once more, this time on behalf of the US Department of Labour. A 30-second skit had Batgirl swinging to the rescue of a captive Batman and Robin - but not before demanding equal pay.
Yvonne Joyce Craig was born on May 16, 1937, in Taylorville, Illinois, and aspired to a career in dance from an early age.
While attending the Edith James School of Ballet she was spotted by the Russian ballerina Alexandra Danilova, who helped her win a scholarship to the School of American Ballet in New York.
Aged 16 she joined the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, but left three years later and eventually fell into acting after a chance meeting with John Ford's son Patrick.
Her first starring role was as the beautiful yet spoiled Elena in The Young Land (1959), which the younger Ford produced.
By the mid-1960s she had moved away from temptress roles to play more traditional leading ladies, appearing alongside Elvis Presley in It Happened At The World's Fair (1963) and Kissin' Cousins (1964).
The two of them hit it off and Yvonne Craig spent time with Presley at his home in Bel Air - though, coming from the insulated life of the professional dancer, she had little idea of his rock-and-roll credentials.
The reality was finally brought home to her when, trying to find the light-switch in his bedroom late one night, she accidentally hit a panic button and was greeted by several carloads of policemen at the front door.
On television she made a foray into the spy arena with a guest part in the original series of The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (1965), gave a passionate performance as the creatively named Ecstasy La Joie in The Wild Wild West (1966) and was painted green for a memorable turn as a psychotic alien in Star Trek (1969).
In later life she swapped acting for a career in property, but continued to make regular appearances at comic and fantasy conventions in America.
Craig's first husband was Jimmy Boyd, best known for his rendition of the Christmas hit 'I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus'.
The marriage was dissolved in 1962 and in 1988 she married Kenneth Aldrich, who survives her.