Warren Clarke, who died last Wednesday aged 67, was one of Britain's most recognisable and versatile actors, but was best known for his role as the splenetic Detective Superintendent Andy Dalziel, in Dalziel and Pascoe, the BBC television series based on the books by Reginald Hill.
Clarke may have been no casting director's idea of a dreamboat, but his pugnacious features were perfectly suited to the part of the relentlessly insensitive, politically incorrect Yorkshire copper who made life difficult, not only for the criminal fraternity but also for his young sidekick, the liberal, university-educated policeman, Peter Pascoe (played by Colin Buchanan).
Dalziel's abrasiveness and contempt for the pieties of the modern age made him one of the most distinctive fictional detectives on the small screen.
Yet after he had played the part for five years - during which he became a household name - Clarke considered giving up the role, partly because he felt the BBC was uneasy about the character: "You can't have a series about policemen without showing them swearing occasionally," he reflected, "but there was actually some bureaucrat at the BBC who wouldn't allow me to say 'pillock', even though I pointed out that Shakespeare used the word in King Lear."
In the event, he decided to stay on, making a total of 61 episodes between 1996 and 2007. Clarke's own views, one suspects, were not that far removed from those of his alter ego: "I remember my parents telling me that the local bobby would give me a clip round the earhole if I didn't behave. But nobody can smack anybody round the head now. What's wrong with a quick clip round the earhole? In my day, the local bobby was someone to be respected, but not any more."
He was born Alan Clarke at Oldham, Lancashire, on April 26, 1947, the son of a stained-glass maker and a secretary. His parents were keen filmgoers and regularly took him to the cinema. "Saturday evenings we'd go and see a double feature," he recalled. "I remember it being so amazing looking up at the big screen and I was totally seduced by it."
His early ambition to become an actor did not impress the headmaster of his secondary modern school in Manchester, who told Alan to choose a more sensible career, such as plumbing; Alan, in magnificent anticipation of his role as Dalziel, told his headmaster to "sod off". With the support of his parents, he left school at 15 and became a runner at the Manchester Evening News, where he was known as "Nobby". Meanwhile, he gained experience in amateur dramatics, and decided to change his first name to Warren (because a girlfriend had a crush on Warren Beatty).
He got his first break in a radio play for BBC Manchester, and his first significant television roles came in Coronation Street (first as Kenny Pickup, then as Gary Bailey). Then, in 1971, he secured a film part as the vicious thug Dim, wearing red lipstick and a bowler hat, in Stanley Kubrick's A Clockwork Orange, starring Malcolm McDowell. Some 40 years later Clarke was in a Birmingham pub when he was approached by several young men who had just watched the film: "They tried to get a bit tough with me. I said: 'Look lads, 40 years ago I would have given you a bit of what you're trying to give me, but at my age I can't be arsed.'?"
During the 1970s, Clarke honed his skills on the stage, appearing in a multitude of plays including works by Shakespeare, Anthony Shaffer, Moliere, Ibsen and Robert Bolt. After a gap of some 30 years, he would return to the boards playing Winston Churchill in Three Days in May (2011), about Britain facing the prospect of a Nazi invasion.
At the same time he was making his reputation on the small screen, in shows such as Softly Softly: Task Force (1973); Jennie: Lady Randolph Churchill (1974), a mini-series in which he played the young Winston Churchill; Our Mutual Friend (1976), as Bradley Headstone; The Onedin Line (1978); Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (1979); and Shelley (1980-82). In 1984, in one of television's most successful ventures, The Jewel in the Crown, Clarke appeared very much against character as the openly gay Corporal "Sophie" Dixon, and played the role superbly.
His television work continued (Bergerac, Blackadder, Wish Me Luck among many others), but in the late 1980s Clarke considered abandoning his profession because he felt he was not making enough money - even though he was then filming opposite Haydn Gwynne in the television drama Nice Work.
"In those days," he later explained in an interview, "the BBC didn't pay you until you had done the first studio recording, so I had been working on the show for two months without any money. I went to the cashpoint, put my card in the machine and it spat it out."
His bank refused to extend his overdraft, and the BBC advanced him just £350. "A few months later, I noticed that my wife wasn't wearing her engagement ring. I asked her where it was and she explained it was being repaired." It was only later that he discovered she had sold it to pay bills.
Thereafter, however, Clarke was rarely out of work. His television credits included The Manageress (1989-90); Gone to the Dogs (1991); Sleepers (1991); Gone to Seed (1992); The Secret Agent (1992); The House of Windsor (1994); The Locksmith (1997); Down to Earth (2000-1).
More recently Clarke had appeared in the BBC drama The Invisibles (2008) and the Channel 4 trilogy Red Riding (2009). The last role he completed before his death was as Charles Poldark in the BBC's revival of the 1970s television drama Poldark.
Warren Clarke died in his sleep after a short illness. He is survived by his second wife, Michelle, their daughter, and by the son of his first marriage.