Film academy president Cheryl Boone Isaacs has responded for the first time to the firestorm over the all-white acting list in this year's Oscar nominations, saying it inspires her to speed up the push for more diversity.
Ms Boone Isaacs, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences' first black president, spoke out about the Oscar nominations and the widespread criticism that followed.
All 20 of this year's acting contenders are white and there are no women in the directing or writing categories. After the nominations were announced, the #OscarsSoWhite hashtag started trending on Twitter.
Ms Boone Isaacs said the academy was "committed to seeking out diversity of voice and opinion" and the outreach to women and black artists was now a major focus.
"In the last two years we've made greater strides than we ever have in the past towards becoming a more diverse and inclusive organisation through admitting new members and more inclusive classes of members," she said.
"And personally, I would love to see and look forward to see a greater cultural diversity among all our nominees in all of our categories."
She noted that each branch comes up with its own criteria for excellence and nominates its colleagues. For instance, only directors can suggest best director nominees and only actors can nominate actors. But the entire academy membership can submit suggestions for best picture.
"What is important not to lose sight of is that (civil rights drama) Selma, which is a fantastic motion picture, was nominated for best picture this year, and the best picture category is voted on by the entire membership of around 7,000 people," she said.
Besides best picture, the film received just one additional nod - for original song - in what was widely viewed as a significant snub.
With all the accolades Selma received since its Christmas opening, some felt its failure to garner nominations for director Ava DuVernay or star David Oyelowo reflected a racial bias.
Ms Boone Isaacs declined to address whether she and the academy were embarrassed by the slate of white contenders, instead insisting that she was proud of the nominees, all of whom deserved recognition.
"There is not one central body or group of people that sit around the table and come up with nominations," she said. "It really is a peer-to-peer process."
Ms Boone Isaacs insisted the five best actor nominees: Bradley Cooper (American Sniper); Steve Carell (Foxcatcher); Benedict Cumberbatch (The Imitation Game); Eddie Redmayne (The Theory of Everything); and Michael Keaton (Birdman) "are all at the top of their game".
"There are five nominees and this year, these were the five," she said.
But the Asian Pacific American Media Coalition said the nominations balloting "obviously reflects a lack of diversity in Oscar voters as well as in films generally" and the responsibility for diversity in film should be industry-wide.
"It behoves Hollywood - as an economic imperative, if not a moral one - to begin more closely reflecting the changing face of America," it said.
Responding to the statement, Ms Boone Isaacs said that as the academy "continues to make strides towards becoming a more diverse and inclusive organisation, we hope the film industry will also make strides toward becoming more diverse and inclusive".
THE road to the Oscars is long and torturous but the most reliable signpost as to how the Academy is thinking is said to be the Critics' Choice Movie Awards. And just as they did in the Golden Globes, Michael Keaton and Julianne Moore, were among the top winners.
This year’s list of Oscar nominations has raised eyebrows in Hollywood and beyond, not least because, for just the second time since the turn of the Century, every nominee in the Academy’s four acting categories is white.