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Poland tells EU it ‘won’t get a cent’ of €500,000 a day fine


The Turow coal plant. Photo: Bartek Sadowski/Bloomberg

The Turow coal plant. Photo: Bartek Sadowski/Bloomberg

The Turow coal plant. Photo: Bartek Sadowski/Bloomberg

Poland will have to pay a €500,000 daily penalty to the European Commission for defying an earlier court order to halt operations at its Turow open-pit lignite mine, Europe’s top court said yesterday.

Polish Deputy Justice Minister Sebastian Kaleta called the order “aggression” on the side of the court and the European Commission, while another deputy, Marcin Romanowski, said it went beyond blackmail.

“The CJEU (Court of Justice of the European Union) demands half-a-million daily fines from Poland for the fact that Poland did not leave its citizens without energy and did not close the mines overnight,” he said on Twitter.

“It is judicial robbery and theft in broad daylight. You won’t get a cent.”

The order comes amid a dragging dispute between coal-reliant Poland and the Czech Republic.

The Czech government says the mine is damaging communities along its side of the border, and it subsequently took its grievance to the European Commission which last year started legal proceedings against Poland, saying Warsaw had breached EU law when extending the mine’s life.

The Czech Republic also took its case to the Luxembourg-based Court of Justice of the European Union, Europe’s highest, and won judges’ backing for a temporary order on Poland to stop Turow’s operations until a final judgment in the case – which Warsaw has rejected.

It also asked for a daily penalty payment of €5m to be levied on Poland.

The court yesterday agreed on a fine but set it at a much lower sum.

“Poland is ordered to pay the European Commission a daily penalty payment of €500,000 because it has not ceased lignite extraction activities at Turow mine,” the CJEU ruling said.

“Such a measure appears necessary in order to strengthen the effectiveness of the interim measures decided upon in the order of May 21, 2021, and to deter that member state from delaying bringing its conduct into line with that order,” judges said.

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The order could pressure Warsaw to reach a deal with Prague over upgrades and measures to safeguard water, noise and air levels around the mine that the Czech government has sought.

Talks started in June and are aimed at the Czech Republic removing its legal challenge.

In response to the penalty, Czech Environment Minister Richard Brabec said it could be motivation for Poland to respect the court’s pre-emptive ruling.

Polish group PGE, which operates Turow, situated along the Czech and German borders, said it expects operations to continue.


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