BRENT crude slipped yesterday as some investors took advantage of a six-day rally to lock in profits and the market saw Iran's threat to halt oil shipments via the Strait of Hormuz as no more than rhetoric.
Brent was down 34 cents to $108.93 a barrel having dropped by more than $1 earlier. Prices have surged over 5pc since December 16, including a gain of more than a dollar on Tuesday. US crude was up 7 cents at $100.41. Trading volumes were thin for both contracts.
Iran's first vice-president warned on Tuesday the flow of oil through the Strait of Hormuz would be stopped if foreign sanctions were imposed on Iran's crude exports over its nuclear ambitions.
Closing off the Gulf to oil tankers will be "easier than drinking a glass of water" for Iran if the Islamic state deems it necessary, Iran's top naval commander told the country's state television yesterday.
These remarks coincided with a 10-day Iranian naval exercise in the strait and nearby waters, a show of military force that began on Saturday.
The US State Department said it saw "an element of bluster" in the threat. The United States and its allies maintain a large fleet of warships in the region.
"The threat by Iran to close the Strait of Hormuz supported the oil market yesterday, but the effect is fading today as it will probably be empty threats as they cannot stop the flow for a longer period due to the amount of US hardware in the area," said Thorbjoern bak Jensen, an oil analyst with Global Risk Management. France urged Iran to adhere to international law allowing freedom of navigation in the strait.
Any fall in oil prices may be limited for the long term, however, by the tension over Iran.
"The issues are not going to be resolved quickly as to how supplies are going to be managed if we impose sanctions on Iran," Greg Smith, executive director of Global Commodities, said.
"I'm a long-term bull, and what we are seeing is justification as to why you want to be in for the long term."
Most of the crude exported from Saudi Arabia, Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Iraq - together with nearly all the liquefied natural gas from lead exporter Qatar - must slip through the Strait of Hormuz, a four-mile wide shipping channel between Oman and Iran.
About a third of all seaborne oil was shipped through the Strait in 2009, according to the US Energy Information Administration.
Top oil exporter Saudi Arabia and other Gulf OPEC states stood ready to replace Iranian oil if further sanctions halted Iranian crude exports, industry sources said. (Reuters)