The possibility of a second bailout for Greece led to volatility on European markets today as the European Union looked to lower interest rates on loans to Greece, Portugal and Ireland.
Uncertainty over debt sustainability on loans saw shares in Paris and Frankfort drop by almost 1pc while London markets eased by 0.7pc. There were marginal gains on the Dublin market.
The euro itself rebounded this morning from its recent sharp losses. Commodity prices, including oil, also rose.
"The Commission is clearly in favour of a rate cut. The Commission is against debt restructuring," a spokesman for EU economic and monetary affairs commissioner Olli Rehn said.
Germany and France have thus far blocked a cut in the Irish interest rate without a harmonisation of the European corporate tax rate that would see a Ireland raising the much prized corporate tax rate of 12.5pc.
European Commissioner Maire Geoghegan-Quinn said today that there was support for the reduction in the interest rate and that significant decisions would be made next week.
Meanwhile, a senior member of Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservative party in Germany said today that a further cut in the rate on emergency loans to Greece, already reduced by one percentage point in March, would be justified if it carried out further reforms to reduce its debt risk.
Michael Meister, the deputy parliamentary chief of Merkel's conservative bloc, told German radio he opposed any suggestion that Greece should restructure or give up its membership of the single currency, as one German magazine reported.
Stressing that it was up to Greece to act , he said that if Greece can reduce its debt risk "then its partners in the euro zone can could consider talking about whether to reduce interest rates further and about the repayment schedule."
A Greek government spokesman today said Greece would not comment on reports of extending loan maturities and lowering interest rates.
"I won't get into scenarios. There are so many theoretical discussions that may be taking place officially and unofficially on many levels and in many places that woe betide us if we tried to explain them. I repeat the decisive will of the government to proceed with our serious plan," said George Petaloti
However, German finance ministry spokesman Martin Kotthaus told a news conference: "There is no discussion at the moment about extending the payment schedule or lowering the interest rates for Greece."
Speculation about a Greek default and a full-on restructuring of Greek debt has grown in recent weeks and the cost of insuring Greek, Irish and Portugese debt has risen while yields on Greek and Portuguese debt are increasing, with five-year Greek paper offering 22pc.
Meanwhile, pensions, child benefit and the wages of 300,000 public sector workers would be slashed by 33pc if we abandoned the EU-IMF bailout deal, the Government warned last night.
The Department of Finance issued the stark forecast in response to a prediction by leading economist Morgan Kelly that we face bankruptcy unless we pull out of the deal.
The Government insisted it would continue with the bailout plan and hopes to negotiate a 1pc cut in the interest rate next week, as it seeks better terms to match those of Portugal and Greece.
Finance officials graphically outlined the consequences of walking away from the EU and IMF.
If we reneged on the deal, the Government would have to immediately slash €18bn off public spending to be able to fund itself because it would no longer have financial support from the EU/IMF.
This would, for example, knock the jobseekers' allowance from €188 to €126 a week, child benefit from €140 to €94 and the old-age pension from €219 to €146.
And public sector workers earning €40,000 a year would face cuts of more than €13,000 in their annual salary.
Abandoning the bailout would also force the Government to get all its money from the international markets and it could face interest rates of more than 10pc -- around double what it gets with the bailout loans.
The department signalled drastic measures that would affect everyone in such a scenario.
Swingeing cuts in social welfare and public sector wages, or "sizeable tax increases" and "widespread reductions in public services" could plunge the country into deep recession for many years, it said.
Its warnings came at the end of a dramatic day when Central Bank Governor Patrick Honohan was compelled to defend his role in the run-up to the original bailout deal.
In a strongly worded rebuttal, Prof Honohan dismissed accusations that he had sided with the ECB during bailout negotiations.
"I was playing for Ireland," he said. "I was not involved in any of the discussions that the lenders would have had in their teams. I was never involved in the ECB side."
A fierce row raged across the political and economic stage all weekend after Prof Kelly outlined his radical proposals for abandoning the bailout.
The UCD economist, famed for predicting the massive Irish property crash, said that the Government should walk away from the banking debt, leaving it to the ECB. He said this would leave the country with a "survivable" €110bn debt.
The second phase would involve bringing the domestic budget into balance with immediate draconian cuts.
But to do this the Government would have to immediately slash €18bn off public spending to be able to fund itself without outside financial support.
Transport Minister Leo Varadkar was also quick to dismiss calls to pull out of the bailout deal.
"In my view, that's not a solution. If you do that, first of all you impose personal bankruptcy on a lot of people, horrendous social consequences on working people and people on social welfare," he said.
The Government is now hoping to secure a 1pc reduction in the 5.8pc interest rate on the bulk of the €67bn bailout deal, which comes from the EU.
That could shave €400m a year off Ireland's bailout loan repayments.
However, the Government is still committed to introducing €3.6bn of spending cuts and tax hikes in the forthcoming Budget.
THE questions have been clear for quite some time, but the answers are still in preparation. That is not a situation designed to instil confidence, or good decision-making, but it seems to sum up the debate on the state of the country -- present and future.
PROFESSOR Morgan Kelly has intensified the debate on the financial crisis with his attack on the handling of the EU-IMF bailout, his dramatic proposals for the future and his criticism of the Governor of the Central Bank, Professor Patrick Honohan.