Business World

Tuesday 16 January 2018

Inflation rate in Britain stays still at 2.7pc for fourth month in a row

Incoming Bank of England governor Mark Carney
Incoming Bank of England governor Mark Carney

Olesya Dmitracova and William Schomberg

BRITAIN'S inflation rate unexpectedly held steady for the fourth consecutive month in January, but there was little respite for consumers as it remained at its highest level since May, official data has shown.

Annual consumer price inflation stayed at 2.7pc last month, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said, slightly below the 2.8pc median forecast in a Reuters poll of economists.

It was the first time inflation had remained unchanged for four months since records began in 1996, the ONS said.

A let-up in the pressure on the strained budgets of British households may still be some way off. Some economists predict inflation will touch 3pc in coming months.

"In terms of the consumer, it certainly means that the squeeze on real spending power remains very much in place but that's mitigated to an extent by employment having held up relatively well," said Victoria Clarke, an economist at Investec.

Financial markets were little changed by the data.

The Bank of England, which will be headed up in the summer by governor-in-waiting, Canadian Mark Carney, warned last week that inflation might remain above its 2pc target for the next two years. It will publish its latest quarterly economic forecasts today.

The biggest upward contribution to the annual rate in January came from an 8.5pc rise in alcohol and tobacco prices.

The main downward pressure came from slower rises in the prices of miscellaneous goods and services, such as money transfer fees, as well as clothes and shoes.

The ONS also said house prices rose 3.3pc on the year in December – the largest increase since November 2010. In November 2012, they rose 2.2pc.

The bank last year launched a scheme to encourage lending by banks, the impact of which has so far been felt most in mortgages.

Persistently high inflation has restrained consumer spending – traditionally a key driver of economic growth in Britain – in recent years.

It has also limited the scope for more government bond-buying by the central bank, part of its support for the economy.

Separate data released by the ONS showed that factory-gate inflation rose 2pc on the year in January, the slowest since July.

Input prices climbed 1.8pc, the fastest since March last year and pushed up by domestic food prices, possibly a reflection of bad weather, which hurt British crops.

Earlier this month, the British Retail Consortium found that shop prices inched up in January at their slowest annual pace in more than three years, driven by cheaper clothing and electrical goods.


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