China's May industrial output growth cools to 17 year low as trade war bites
China's industrial output growth unexpectedly slowed to a more than 17-year low in May, while investment also cooled, in the latest sign of weakening demand in the world's second-largest economy as the United States ramps up trade pressure.
Industrial output grew 5pc in May from a year earlier, data from the National Bureau of Statistics showed on Friday, missing analysts' expectations of 5.5pc and well below April's 5.4pc.
It was the weakest reading since early 2002.
Fixed-asset investment also grew less than expected, reinforcing expectations that Beijing will need to roll out more growth-boosting measures soon.
Vice Premier Liu He on Thursday stoked expectations of more stimulus as the US-China trade dispute intensifies, urging regulators to do more to boost the economy and saying Beijing has plenty of policy tools it can use.
Despite a slew of support measures since last year, China's cooling economy is still struggling to get back on firmer footing, and investors fear a longer and costlier trade war between the world's two largest economies could trigger a global recession.
Friday's data showed domestic demand remains sluggish, as suggested by weaker-than-expected import and bank lending data over the last week and gloomy May factory surveys.
Fixed-asset investment rose 5.6pc in January-May from the same period a year earlier, decelerating from 6.1pc tipped in the Reuters poll and 6.1pc in January-April.
Private sector fixed-asset investment, which accounts for about 60pc of total investment in China, also showed signs of losing momentum. It rose 5.3pc, compared with a 5.5pc rise in the first four months of the year.
Infrastructure investment grew 4pc, slowing from 4.4pc.
Analysts have been closely watching for signs of a rebound in infrastructure investment as Beijing ramps up spending on road, rail and port projects, which would boost construction-related industries from steel mills to cement makers.
Real estate investment, a key economic growth driver, also showed signs of fatigue. It rose 11.2pc in the first five months, slowing from 11.9pc.
Retail sales bucked the downbeat trend, rising 8.6pc in May from a year earlier and picking up from a 7.2pc rise in April, which was a 16-year low.
Analysts surveyed by Reuters had expected a rebound to 8.1pc, but some said it was likely due to higher inflation rather than any turnaround in weak consumer confidence.
Earlier this week, China's auto association reported the worst-ever monthly drop in sales in the world's biggest vehicle market in May as the economy slowed and provinces implemented tougher emission standards.