Revenue sets sights on value of private shares
Tax authorities are beefing up-know how to tackle undervaluations of 'unquoted shares' in Irish companies
Revenue is plotting a crackdown on shareholders of private companies who undervalue their stakes in tax returns.
The rules on valuation apply to all unquoted companies - whether it is a large entity operating on a grey market, or a local sweetshop owned by a company.
Without an open market, one senior accounting industry source said valuing the shares is an art rather than an exact science.
The tax authority is now looking to establish a panel of experts to help it "enhance" its capabilities in assigning values to so-called "unquoted shares", stakes held in unlisted companies.
"To assist in the full and proper application of the various taxation codes, particularly with regard to the market valuations of private companies, Revenue is seeking to enhance its valuation service in respect of all forms of unquoted shares," it says in a tender document seeking expressions of interest.
"Revenue is forming a panel of suitably qualified share-valuers. Revenue will select valuers from this panel as required to provide Revenue with independent expert advice in relation to the valuation of unquoted shares," the document says.
One area where valuations of shares in private companies matter is capital acquisitions tax; for example, when a person inherits a stake in a family business.
Submitting a value for those shares to the taxman is up to each individual, but Revenue has traditionally carried out audits to ensure valuations reflect reality.
It has said the audits are designed to "deter evasion and avoidance by detecting under-valuations and taking appropriate action".
Multiple factors will be considered in valuations, including whether the shares are part of a majority or minority stake (a reflection of how much influence the shares will have), the profitability of a business, and its future prospects.
A Revenue spokesman said: "It is prudent that Revenue has access to independent valuers for various assets (such as property or shares), so that tax implications of those assets can be assessed correctly. For example, the sale of an asset will potentially raise a Capital Gains Tax liability based on the value of that asset. These panels have been in place for many years, and are refreshed annually."
The spokesman said the valuers' role will include providing evidence on Revenue's behalf before courts and arbitration hearings.
In results for 2018 published earlier this year, Revenue chairman Niall Cody said there had been "continued strong levels of timely, voluntary compliance by taxpayers".
"The vast majority of individuals and businesses pay the right amount of tax, on time. We support voluntary compliance by making it as easy as possible, and we are focused on optimising our service to taxpayers," Mr Cody said.
At the same time, Revenue completed 572,785 audit and compliance interventions that yielded €572.6m, settled 22 tax-avoidance cases yielding €5.7m and secured 17 criminal convictions for serious tax evasion and fraud in 2018, Mr Cody added.