Blackrock co-founder may face restrictions on legal actions
Blackrock Hospital shareholder Dr Joseph Sheehan could face an application to restrict his ability to bring legal actions because of the number cases he has already been involved in.
Mr Justice Michael Twomey said he was prepared to consider such an application, based on evidence presented, to justify what is called an 'Isaac Wunder' order against Dr Sheehan. These orders require a litigant to seek leave of the High Court before instituting further proceedings.
Courts should "not hesitate" to impose such orders on litigants who are monopolising scarce court resources to pursue a private grievance, the judge said.
He made the comments when dismissing Dr Sheehan's claim for fraudulent misrepresentation against financier Talos Capital which provided loans to a Sheehan-controlled company set up to buy loans from the special liquidators of Irish Bank Resolution Corporation (IBRC).
Dr Sheehan had issued proceedings against Talos in New York in which he also claimed misrepresentation against the firm.
Talos later brought an anti-suit action against him in England, because this country had exclusive jurisdiction to deal with this aspect of his case. An English judge found Dr Sheehan to be in breach of an injunction by pursuing the New York proceedings.
Mr Justice Twomey noted that in the New York case, Dr Sheehan chose not to give any evidence while, in the English case, no evidence was provided on his behalf to contradict the finding that he was in breach of a court order.
Dr Sheehan has also been involved in litigation here against IBRC, the judge said. Kieran Wallace, one of the IBRC liquidators, gave evidence IBRC has been sued more times by Dr Sheehan and parties connected to him than by any others since its liquidation, he said.
The judge said there had already been 10 judgments given by the High Court and Court of Appeal in relation to what is essentially a private dispute over the ownership of Blackrock Hospital. The cases have taken up half a year of court time, he said.
It was clear to the court that, even before the Talos proceedings, Dr Sheehan and the parties he is in dispute with over Blackrock Hospital "are monopolising large periods of time of the High Court and Court of Appeal while at the same time there are large backlogs in both courts".
Isaac Wunder orders act as a filter rather than a barrier to right of access to court and in practice they are necessary in a very small percentage of litigants who engage in "never ending vexatious litigation", many of whom are undeterred by costs orders which they can't afford to pay anyway.
In the case of litigants wealthy enough to pay costs, they should not be immune from the prospect of Isaac Wunder orders, he said. Ireland has the lowest number of judges per capita in the OECD and it was important for judges to be alive to the abuse of scarce court resources, he said.
The court was not proposing, at this stage, to consider of its own motion an Isaac Wunder order against Dr Sheehan, he said. No application from a third party had been made for one, but the judge was prepared to consider it if such an application was made. If it was granted it would only apply to future proceedings, not those already before the court, he said.