Common Salmonella types now showing extremely high multi-drug resistance, says EU report
Bacteria found in humans, animals and food continue to show resistance to widely used antimicrobials, says a new report on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria.
The findings by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) underline that AMR poses a serious threat to public and animal health.
Infections caused by bacteria that are resistant to antimicrobials lead to about 25,000 deaths in the EU every year.
The report shows that in general multi-drug resistance in Salmonella bacteria is high across the EU.
However, experts note that resistance to critically important antimicrobials used to treat severe human cases of Salmonella infection remains low.
Salmonellosis, the disease caused by these bacteria, is the second most commonly reported foodborne disease in the EU.
Mike Catchpole, Chief Scientist at ECDC, said: “It is of particular concern that some common types of Salmonella in humans, such as monophasic Salmonella Typhimurium, exhibit extremely high multi-drug resistance.
"Prudent use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine is extremely important to address the challenge posed by antimicrobial resistance. We all have a responsibility to ensure that antibiotics keep working.”
The report also highlights that antimicrobial resistance levels in Europe continue to vary by geographical region, with countries in Northern and Western Europe generally having lower resistance levels than those in Southern and Eastern Europe.
Marta Hugas, Head of EFSA’s Biological Hazards and Contaminants unit, said: “These geographic variations are most likely related to differences in antimicrobial use across the EU.