Farm Ireland

Friday 24 November 2017

Agriculture in argentina

•Often referred to as the world's breadbasket, Argentina is the world's biggest exporter of soya oil and soya meal and the third largest global supplier of soya beans.

•The temperate central region is one of the most productive areas, even though the humid eastern region, known as the Humid Pampa, contains the biggest cities and industries and about half of country farms and ranches. These produce corn, wheat, sorghum, soybeans, flax, sunflowers, peanuts, apples, pears, and citrus, potatoes, flowers, as well as raising and fattening beef cattle, pigs, sheep, fowl, dairy cattle, horses, and fur animals.

Some crops, such as wheat, sorghum, sheep and beef cattle, extend into the western dryer areas.

•Southern Argentina is mainly rangeland with a few irrigated areas and valleys, where Patagonian ranchers produce mainly fine wool sheep. But berries, apples, pears, Angora goats, pine wood and beef cattle are other Patagonian products.

•In the humid lands of the northern subtropical region, cotton, sugar cane, tobacco, citrus and other fruits, bananas, tea, some grains

and oilseeds, yerba mate,

tung and vegetables are

grown and there is some

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cattle and sheep production.

•Argentina accounted for almost 20pc of global soy-bean production in 2010/11 and almost 13pc of total exports, according to the USDA. China, India and Europe were the biggest markets for Argentina's soya products.

•Soya exports generated close to €9.2bn ($13bn) in 2009, accounting for 23pc of total export earnings.

•Argentina is also a major wheat supplier. Brazil is the biggest market for Argentinian wheat.

•Beef exports from Argentina totalled 480,000t last year.

•In 2008 and 2009, Argentinian farmers repeatedly blocked sales of grains in protests against massive export taxes, including a 35pc levy on soyabeans. The strikes paralysed local agricultural markets and caused the peso and sovereign bond prices to fall.

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