Agricultural products make up the bulk of EU imports from the five countries in the Mercosur bloc - Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela - while machinery and vehicles are the EU's main exports to the region. Venezuela is not currently participating in the EU talks.
EU-Mercosur trade was worth more than 90 billion euros last year, with the EU exporting €5billion more than it imports from the bloc.
The Irish Farmers' Association says that production standards in South American countries are inferior to the EU's, particularly when it comes to traceability, animal health, the environment and hormone use.
Talks on a deal with the Mercosur bloc began more than 15 years ago but were suspended in 2004 after the countries rejected the EU's offer on agriculture.
The talks restarted in 2010 but after nine negotiating rounds, no substantial progress was made until this spring.
In the autumn the Commission will publish a paper quantifying the effects of all of its trade deals on agriculture - particularly the deal with Mercosur, the recently completed deal with Canada and the putative deal with the US.
Greening payments under fire
Not a week goes by now without some chatter on the future of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
Earlier this month France called for a permanent crisis management fund for the CAP, while the UK is debating the end of land-based direct payments after Brexit.
EU climate groups told agriculture commissioner Phil Hogan this week that special environmental subsidies introduced in 2015, known as “greening” payments, have been a “failure”, and called again for a complete CAP overhaul.
“I agree entirely that the preservation of the environment and climate action must be at the core of any policy debate and that more needs to be done to deliver on the EU’s international agreement obligations,” Mr Hogan said after meeting with the European Environmental Bureau, BirdLife Europe and WWF Europe. The European Commission published a staff paper in June on the impact of greening, but said it was too early to draw any real conclusions.
Ministers focus on retail deals
EU agriculture ministers meet today in the Slovak capital, Bratislava, for informal talks on strengthening farmers’ position in the food supply chain.
The talks will focus on farmers’ cooperatives and organisations, how prices are affected by commodity markets, and unfair trading practices, especially by large supermarket chains.
There have been calls, particularly by MEPs, to regulate unfair practices and ensure better prices for farmers, particularly in the wake of crises in the dairy, pork and fruit and vegetable sectors over the last two years.
So far the European Commission has held off on proposing legislation, though it has put in place two emergency aid packages worth a combined €1 billion for affected sectors.
Trade deals are ‘damaged goods’ – Harkin
Marian Harkin has also added her voice to those that are sceptical about the prospects of concluding a so-called transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP) with the US.
“Trade deals are damaged goods right now, especially TTIP,” she told the
Farming Independent from her office in Brussels.
“It’s partly the anti-globalisation sentiment where people believe that globalisation has not worked for them. Politicians have to take part of the responsibility for that.”
Her comments follow criticism from French and German ministers and the Belgian prime minister about the prospects for concluding TTIP before the end of US president Barack Obama’s term in office.
“It’s definitely not going to happen now,” Ms Harkin added.
Meanwhile, Ms Harkin said the European Parliament should put a stop to the European Commission “provisionally” applying a recently concluded deal with Canada before it has been voted on by the Dáil and other national and regional parliaments in Europe.
“Given that they accept that all member states must approve it, to try to find a way around that is, at its core, anti-democratic,” she said.