'How is Davis still in his job?' - Brexit Secretary accused of misleading UK Parliament over EU withdrawal impact assessments
Brexit will provoke 'paradigm change' in UK economy similar to 2008 crash - Davis
Brexit Secretary David Davis has been accused of misleading UK Parliament after admitting the Government has made no formal assessment of the likely impact of EU withdrawal on different sectors of the UK economy.
Mr Davis told the House of Commons Exiting the EU Committee that the usefulness of an assessment of this kind would be "near zero" because of the scale of change which Brexit is likely to cause.
Leaving the EU will provoke a "paradigm change" in the UK economy on a similar order of magnitude to the financial crash of 2008, making economic forecast models unlikely to be "informative", he told MPs.
Mr Davis was appearing before the committee to defend his failure to deliver the 58 impact assessments demanded by a parliamentary motion last month, handing over instead 850 pages of heavily-edited "sectoral analyses" setting out detail about the current position of different parts of the economy.
The Brexit Secretary told MPs as early as last December that his department was "in the midst of carrying out about 57 sets of analyses" on different parts of the economy. And in October, he told the Brexit committee that Prime Minister Theresa May had read "summary outcomes" of impact assessments, which he said went into "excruciating detail".
But on Wednesday he told the committee that "no systematic impact assessments" had in fact been carried out.
Pressed by committee chairman Hilary Benn whether any impact assessment had been conducted of the implications of Brexit for the automotive, aerospace or financial services sectors, Mr Davis said "No" to each before cutting the Labour MP short, saying: "I think the answer will be No to all of them."
Instead, he said, officials will "at some stage" during the forthcoming second phase of Brexit negotiations, dealing with trade, conduct work to quantify the effects of different possible outcomes, such as a free trade agreement with the EU or moving to World Trade Organisation rules.
And he told Mr Benn there was no "formal quantitative" assessment undertaken of the likely impact of leaving the customs union before the Government committed itself to the step.
"There was a judgment made on qualitative things, not a quantitative one," he said.
Mr Benn described the decision not to conduct impact assessment as "rather strange" when ministers were hoping within weeks to enter into a fundamental renegotiation of Britain's trade relations with the rest of Europe.
And he said it was "quite extraordinary" that no assessment was made of the impact of leaving the customs union "given the momentous nature of that decision".
"You have said there are no impact assessments," said Mr Benn.
"You were hoping that, at the October (European) Council, the door would be open to phase two of the negotiations, where the question would be asked 'What does the UK Government want?'
"Are you actually telling us that the Government hadn't at that point - and still hasn't - undertaken the assessment?"
Mr Davis told the committee: "You don't need to do a formal impact assessment to understand that, if there is a regulatory hurdle between your producers and a market, there will be an impact.
"It will have an effect, the assessment of that effect is not as straightforward as people imagine.
"I'm not a fan of economic models because they have all proven wrong. When you have a paradigm change - as happened in 2008 with the financial crisis - all the models were wrong. The Queen famously asked why did we not know.
"Similarly, what we are dealing with here in every outcome - whether it is a free trade agreement, whether it is a WTO outcome or whether it is something between that on the spectrum - it is a paradigm change. We know not the size, but the order of magnitude of the impact."
Mr Davis was last week accused by some MPs of contempt of Parliament, after it emerged that the information handed over to the committee by his Department for Exiting the EU had been edited.
But he told the committee he had tried to provide "the closest we could" to what the House of Commons had demanded, subject to his responsibility not to release information which was commercially sensitive or could undermine the UK's negotiating position.
Mr Davis's admission that no sectoral impact assessments have been made provoked outrage among opposition MPs.
A Labour member of the Brexit committee, Seema Malhotra, described the failure to make assessments as "a dereliction of duty".
And Liberal Democrat committee member Wera Hobhouse said: "It is unbelievable that these long-trumpeted impact assessments don't even exist, meaning the Government has no idea what their Brexit plans will do to the country.
"Ministers must now urgently undertake these impact assessments and ensure people are given the facts. Whether it's through incompetence or insincerity, David Davis has been misleading Parliament from the start."
Labour trade spokesman Bill Esterson asked: "Did he know that the impact assessments didn't exist when he said they did? It was either incredibly incompetent or incredibly dishonest. Either way, how is Davis still in his job?"
Scottish National Party MP Joanna Cherry said Mr Davis's evidence appeared to "directly contradict what he and other UK Government ministers have previously told Commons' committees", adding: "This is pretty serious."
The general secretary of the GMB union, Tim Roache, said ministers had "either ... been leading us up the garden path or they're playing fast and loose with people's livelihoods, communities and the economy. It's unforgivable recklessness".
Lib Dem leader Sir Vince Cable described the decision to commit the UK to leaving the customs union without a formal assessment of its impact as "gross negligence".
Labour MP David Lammy said: "It is time to put David Davis in the Tower of London for contempt of Parliament. I will meet him outside this hearing and walk him down the Embankment myself."
Green Party co-leader Caroline Lucas said: "This is beyond farcical. Davis is either grossly incompetent, or someone who struggles with the truth and treats MPs with contempt.
"Either way, he should be out of his job."
It was later confirmed that Mr Lammy has contacted Commons Speaker John Bercow to seek advice on beginning contempt proceedings against Mr Davis and other ministers he believes have misled Parliament about the existence and nature of the studies.
Raising a point of order in the Commons, the SNP's Peter Wishart said that the Government had "singularly failed" to meet the requirements of last month's binding motion and "must surely be in contempt".
Mr Wishart said the matter "must come to an end", adding: "It is either full compliance, or contempt proceedings to commence."
Mr Bercow responded: "I will await the committee's conclusions on the evidence it has heard.
"When I receive that material I will study it without delay, and I will return to the House in similar vein."
During an appearance before the Commons Treasury Committee, Chancellor Philip Hammond was asked whether his department had produced analyses of the potential economic impact of Brexit on the UK.
He replied: "Of course we have modelled and analysed a whole range of potential alternative structures between the EU and the UK, potential alternative arrangements and agreements that might be made. That analysis is ongoing and will inform our negotiating position with the EU.
"When we get to the point where we have a deal negotiated and agreed and it is being put before Parliament, at that stage the maximum amount of analysis being placed in the public domain would be helpful.
"At this stage, when we haven't even begun the negotiation yet, I'm afraid that to put our analysis in the public domain would be deeply unhelpful to the negotiation.
"There is no decision for Parliament to make at this point. Parliament's decision point will be when the Government has negotiated a deal and is putting it to Parliament for endorsement."