Monday 22 January 2018

Army head warns of 'state collapse'

Egyptian protesters run for cover during clashes with riot police in Cairo (AP)
Egyptian protesters run for cover during clashes with riot police in Cairo (AP)
Egyptians attend the funeral of victims of ongoing violence in Port Said (AP)

Egypt's army chief has warned that the state could collapse if the latest political crisis sweeping the nation drags on, but he also defended the right of people to protest.

Troops deployed in the two riot-torn Suez Canal cities of Port Said and Suez stood and watched as thousands took to the streets in direct defiance of a night curfew and a state of emergency declared by the president a day earlier. Residents of those two cities and Ismailiya, a third city also the emergency, marched through the streets just as the curfew came into force.

The display of contempt for the president's decision was tantamount to an outright rebellion that many worried could spread to other parts of the country. Already, protesters across much of Egypt are battling police, cutting off roads and railway lines, and besieging government offices and police stations as part of a growing revolt against the rule of Islamist president Mohammed Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood group. At least 60 people have been killed since Friday.

Mr Morsi's opponents protest that Islamists have monopolised power and not lived up to the ideals of the pro-democracy uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak nearly two years ago.

"The continuation of the conflict between the different political forces and their differences over how the country should be run could lead to the collapse of the state and threaten future generations," said the army chief, Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who is both head of the military and defence minister.

The warning was the military's first public comment since the latest crisis erupted last week around the second anniversary of the uprising.

On Sunday night Mr Morsi ordered the army to restore order in the Suez Canal cities of Port Said and Suez and slapped a 30-day state of emergency and night curfew on the two cities as wells as Ismailiya. The army has not deployed in Ismailiya, however, which has seen little of the deadly violence flaring in the other two cities.

The military is Egypt's most powerful institution and was the de facto ruler since a 1952 coup by army officers seized power and later toppled the monarchy. Generals forced Mubarak from power at the end of the uprising and then a ruling military council took over from him.

Their nearly 17 months in power that followed tainted the military's reputation, with critics charging the ruling generals of mismanaging the transition to democratic rule, human rights violations and hauling thousands of civilians before military tribunals.

The timing of Gen. el-Sissi's warning is particularly significant because it came as Mr Morsi appears to have failed to stem the latest bout of political violence.

Press Association

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