Vatican receives intense grilling by UN over its handling of global priest sex abuse scandal
The Vatican has come under blistering criticism from a UN committee for its handling of the global priest sex abuse scandal, facing its most intense public grilling to date over allegations that it protected paedophile priests at the expense of victims.
The Vatican insisted it had little jurisdiction to sanction paedophile priests around the globe, saying it was for local law enforcement to do so.
But officials conceded that more needs to be done and promised to build on progress already made to become a model for others, given the scale of the problem and the role the Holy See plays in the international community.
"The Holy See gets it," Monsignor Charles Scicluna, the Vatican's former sex crimes prosecutor, told the committee. "Let's not say too late or not. But there are certain things that need to be done differently."
He was responding to a grilling by the UN committee over the Holy See's failure to abide by terms of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child which, among other things, calls for signatories to take all appropriate measures to keep children from harm.
Critics allege the church enabled the rape of thousands of children by encouraging a culture of cover-up to defend its reputation.
Groups representing victims of clerical abuse, who have been active in civil litigation against the church, gave the committee hundreds of pages of documents.
The groups have welcomed the hearing as the first time the Vatican has had to publicly defend its record in what amounted to a courtroom cross-examination where no limits were placed on the questioning.
But Barbara Blaine, president of the Survivors' Network of those Abused by Priests, or SNAP, said that the Vatican's responses seem like "more of the same".
The scene inside the conference room at UN headquarters in Geneva was remarkable by UN standards, with committee members themselves marvelling at how such a powerful institution as the Holy See could be hauled before a relatively obscure UN human rights committee to answer uncomfortable questions before a packed audience.
It also was remarkable by Vatican standards. Traditionally the Holy See has insisted that the Vatican as an institution bore little or no responsibility for the problem, blaming scandals and cases on individual priests or their bishops over whom the Vatican has no real control.
While insisting on that legal separation, though, the Vatican did respond to questions about cases even where it had no jurisdiction or involvement, and on many occasions welcomed recommendations on ways to make children safer.
"I'm with you when you say, 'All these nice words will not mean anything ... if there is not more transparency and accountability on the local level,'" Mgr Scicluna told committee member Benyam Mezmur, an Ethiopian academic who asked what it would take for the Holy See to sanction bishops who fail to report paedophiles to police.
Mgr Scicluna has been credited even by victims with helping bring the Vatican around over the past decade, overhauling its internal norms to make it easier to defrock abusers and calling for greater accountability by bishops who allowed priests to roam free.
He said local criminal prosecutors must go after anyone - "whoever these people are" - who obstructs justice.
The committee's main human rights investigator, Sara Oviedo, was particularly tough on the Vatican delegation, asking repeated and informed follow-up questions and refusing to let the Vatican duck the answers. Ms Oveido, a sociologist from Ecuador who was elected in June to serve as the committee's vice president, pressed the Vatican delegation on the frequent ways abusive priests were transferred rather than turned in to police.
Given the church's "zero tolerance" policy, she asked, why were there "efforts to cover up and obscure these types of cases?"
Committee members repeatedly asked the Holy See to provide data about the scale of the problem, but the Vatican deferred, saying it would consider the request. They also asked what Pope Francis intends to do with a new commission announced last month to find best practices to protect children from abuse and help victims heal. In addition, the members sought information about accusations that the Vatican's own ambassador to the Dominican Republic had sexually abused teenage boys.
Despite the unprecedented public scrutiny, Ms Blaine of SNAP said: "When they say that these crimes should be prosecuted by states, it seems so disingenuous because we know that the church officials at the state level obstruct those efforts to bring justice."
In an interview midway through the hearing, she said the Vatican seemed to be telling the committee only "lofty words" and what it wanted to hear.
The Holy See has long insisted that it isn't responsible for abusive priests, saying they aren't employees of the Vatican but rather members of the broader 1.2-billion-strong Catholic Church over which the Vatican exercises limited control. It has maintained that bishops are responsible for the priests in their care, not the pope.
"Priests are not functionaries of the Vatican," Archbishop Silvano Tomasi, the Vatican's UN ambassador in Geneva, told the committee. "Priests are citizens of their own states, and they fall under the jurisdiction of their own country."
But victims groups and human rights organisations provided the UN committee with the Vatican's own documentation showing how it discouraged bishops from reporting abusers to police. In one famous case, a Vatican cardinal sent a directive to Irish bishops warning them to strike any mandatory reporting of abusers to police from their internal policies.
Archbishop Tomasi also was asked about the case of the Vatican's ambassador to the Dominican Republic, who is under investigation by Dominican prosecutors for alleged abuse. The Vatican recalled Archbishop Josef Wesolowski in August, before Dominican prosecutors announced their investigation, and he hasn't been seen since.
Archbishop Tomasi dodged the committee's question about whether Archbishop Wesolowski would be turned over to secular authorities for prosecution. The Vatican has said it doesn't extradite its own citizens. Rather, Archbishop Tomasi said Archbishop Wesolowski is being tried by the Vatican's own prosecutors.
"I think it's time for the church to stop this secrecy," Teodoro Pulvirenti, who said he was abused by a priest, told The Associated Press in New York. "I believe the church puts too much of its reputation before the victims and you know the pain of this abuse that we carry. That's why I was so excited when I heard about this final meeting between the Vatican representatives and the UN."