Ukraine signs historic EU pact
Over Russia's objections, Ukraine's new president signed a free-trade deal binding his country more closely to Western Europe.
It sealed the very agreement that triggered the bloodshed and political convulsions of the past seven months.
Russia, meanwhile, fended off for the time being a new, more crippling round of Western sanctions over its intervention in Ukraine, where a fragile ceasefire between government forces and pro-Moscow separatists in the east expired last night but was extended by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko for three more days.
"What a great day!" a beaming Mr Poroshenko said in Brussels upon the signing of the economic agreement with the EU.
"Maybe the most important day for my country after independence."
Since it became independent in the 1991 Soviet collapse, Ukraine has been involved in a delicate balancing act between Russia and the West. The Kremlin wants to keep Ukraine, the birthplace of Russian statehood and Russian Orthodox Christianity, in its orbit.
In November, under pressure from Moscow, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanuknovych axed the EU pact, triggering huge protests that drove him from power.
Moscow responded by annexing the mainly Russian-speaking Crimean Peninsula in March, and pro-Russian separatists soon rose up in Ukraine's eastern provinces.
While last night's signing marked a defeat for Russian President Vladimir Putin, who has threatened to cancel trade preferences for Ukraine, the Kremlin made no immediate move to punish its neighbour or the two other former Soviet republics that joined the pact, Moldova and Georgia.
Mr Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov said Russia will take the necessary measures to protect its markets only when the agreement takes effect. That will take a few months.
Meanwhile, EU leaders decided not to immediately impose new sanctions on Russia for the uprising.
But they warned that punitive measures have been drawn up and could be levied immediately.
And they gave Russia and the rebels until Monday to take steps to ease the violence, including releasing all captives, retreating from border checkpoints, agreeing on a way to verify the ceasefire and launching "substantial negotiations" on Mr Poroshenko's peace plan.
The week-long cease-fire, which both sides have been accused of violating, expired at 10pm local time (1900 GMT), but Mr Poroshenko quickly declared its extension until 10pm local time on Monday.
Insurgent leader Alexander Borodai said earlier in the day that the rebels were ready to extend the ceasefire if Mr Poroshenko did so and would also soon release the European observers they have been holding for weeks.
Mr Poroshenko warned, however, that the government could terminate the ceasefire in areas where it has been violated by the rebels.
At the signing ceremony, Mr Poroshenko reminded EU leaders of the bloodshed in his country.
Ukraine "paid the highest possible price to make her European dreams come true," he said, asking the EU to pledge that one day Ukraine can join the 28-nation bloc.
Membership "would cost the European Union nothing," he said, "but would mean the world to my country".
In Kiev's Independence Square, the site of last winter's huge protests against Russian domination, balloons the colour of the EU's blue flag were released over the crowd as a rock band pounded out the EU's anthem, Beethoven's Ode To Joy.
The crowd of several hundred was far smaller than the hundreds of thousands who jammed the square at the height of the protests. Rain, people getting out of town ahead of a long holiday weekend, and the simmering conflict in the east worked to restrain the mood.
Protest veteran Oleg Mityukhin, 48, came wrapped in the Ukrainian flag.
"I think there will be less corruption, there will be better quality goods, and it will be a push forward for the development of Ukraine," he said.
The agreements signed yesterday let businesses in Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia, trade freely in any of the EU's nations without tariffs or restrictions as long as their goods and practices meet EU standards.
Likewise, goods and services from the EU will be sold more easily and cheaply in the three countries.
European Commission experts estimate the deal will boost Ukraine's national income by 1.2 billion euro (£940,000) a year.
The deal also demands that Ukraine adopt EU rules on government contracts, competition and copyrights - steps that could reduce corruption and make the country more attractive to investors.