Three-time Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Edward Albee dies aged 88
Published 17/09/2016 | 06:34
Three-time Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Edward Albee, who challenged theatrical convention in masterworks such as Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? has died. He was 88.
He died at his home in Montauk, east of New York, on Friday, his personal assistant Jackob Holder said. No cause of death was immediately given, although he had suffered from diabetes.
With the deaths of Arthur Miller and August Wilson in 2005, he was arguably America's greatest living playwright.
Several years ago, before undergoing extensive surgery, Albee penned a note to be issued at the time of his death: "To all of you who have made my being alive so wonderful, so exciting and so full, my thanks and all my love."
Albee was proclaimed the playwright of his generation after his blistering Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? opened on Broadway in 1962.
The Tony-winning play, still widely considered Albee's finest, was made into an award-winning 1966 film starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton.
The play's sharp-tongued humour and dark themes were the hallmarks of Albee's style. In more than 30 plays, he skewered such mainstays of American culture as marriage, child-rearing, religion and upper-class comforts.
"It's just a quirk of the brain that makes one a playwright," Albee said in 2008. "I have the same experiences that everybody else does, but ... I feel the need to translate a lot of what happens to me, a lot of what I think, into a play."
Praise for the playwright came from far and wide on Twitter after his death.
Mia Farrow, who was in a staged reading of Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? called Albee one of the great playwrights of our time.
Michael McKean wrote: "There was only one Edward Albee. #Irreplaceable." Playwright Lynn Nottage wrote: "I will miss his wit, irreverence & wisdom. He enlivened the theatre landscape."
Albee's unconventional style won him great acclaim but also led to a nearly 20-year drought of critical and commercial recognition before his 1994 play, Three Tall Women, garnered his third Pulitzer Prize. His other Pulitzers were for A Delicate Balance (1967) and Seascape (1975).
Many of his productions in the years after Seascape were savaged by the press as inconsequential trickery, a shadow of his former works.
But after Three Tall Women, a play he called an "exorcising of demons," he had several major productions, including The Play About The Baby and The Goat Or Who Is Sylvia? which won him his second Tony for best play in 2002.
In interviews, Albee recoiled at the idea of drawing parallels between his works or between his cynical outlook and his unhappy childhood.
"Each play of mine has a distinctive story to tell," he told The Santa Fe New Mexican in 2001.
Albee was born in 1928 and was adopted by a wealthy suburban New York couple. His father, Reed Albee, ran the Keith-Albee chain of vaudeville theatres. His mother, Frances Albee, was a socialite and a commanding presence who kept a hold on him for much of his life.
Estranged from his parents, Albee moved to New York and worked as a messenger for Western Union before gaining notice with The Zoo Story, a one-act play written in 1958 about two strangers meeting on a bench in Central Park.
With Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? and 1964's Tiny Alice, Albee shook up a Broadway that had been dominated by Tennessee Williams, Miller and their intellectual disciples.
Albee also directed the American premieres of many of his plays, starting with Seascape in 1975.
Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? was revived on Broadway in 2013. A Delicate Balance was revived a year later, starring Glenn Close.
Into his 70s, Albee continued to write provocative and unconventional plays. In The Goat Or Who Is Sylvia? the main character falls in love with a goat.
Albee's long-time companion, sculptor Jonathan Thomas, died in 2005.