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Friday 19 September 2014

Thai court orders PM to stand down

Published 07/05/2014 | 10:12

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Thai PM Yingluck Shinawatra talks during a press conference in Bangkok after she was ordered to step down (AP)
Ms Yingluck, top left, waves at her supporters following the divisive ruling (AP)
Activists chanted Ms Yingluck's name to show their support for her (AP)

Thailand's prime minister has been ordered by a court to step down in a divisive ruling that handed a victory to anti-government protesters who have staged six months of street protests - but does little to resolve the country's political crisis.

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The Constitutional Court found Yingluck Shinawatra guilty of abusing her power by transferring a senior civil servant in 2011 to another position. It ruled the transfer was carried out to benefit her politically powerful family and, therefore, violated the constitution - an accusation she has denied.

The ruling also forced out nine cabinet members but left nearly two dozen other ministers in their posts, including deputy prime minister Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan, who was quickly appointed the new acting leader.

"Transferring government officials must be done in accordance with moral principle," the court said in its ruling, read aloud on live television for almost 90 minutes. "Transferring with a hidden agenda is not acceptable."

Smiling and looking relaxed, Ms Yingluck appeared live on national television two hours after the verdict to thank her supporters, emphasise that she was an elected leader and assert her innocence.

"We held true to the principles of honesty in running the country, and never acted corruptly, as we were accused," said Ms Yingluck, 46, who swept to power nearly three years ago as the country's first female prime minister.

The judgment marks the latest dramatic twist in Thailand's long-running political crisis. It was a victory for Ms Yingluck's opponents, mostly from the urban elite and those in the south, who have been engaged in vociferous and sometimes violent street protests demanding she step down to make way for an interim unelected leader.

However, the ruling leaves the country in political limbo and primed for more violence. Since November, more than 20 people have been killed and hundreds injured in sporadic gun-battles, drive-by shootings and grenade attacks.

The court's decision casts doubt on whether new elections planned for July will take place, which would anger Ms Yingluck's mostly rural supporters who have called for a major rally on Saturday in Bangkok.

"Today's verdict is just a bump on the road of democracy, but we will still keep moving on," said Jatuporn Prompan, leader of the pro-Yingluck Red Shirt protest movement. "Our stance has been clear... if an illegal prime minister steps in, we will fight. If there's a coup, we will fight."

It also remains far from clear whether her opponents will be able to achieve other key demands, including creating a reform council overseen by a leader of their choice that will carry out various steps to rid the country of corruption and what they claim is money politics, including alleged vote-buying.

Ms Yingluck and her Pheu Thai party remain very popular among the country's poor majority, particularly in the north and north-east. But she is despised by Bangkok's middle and upper class as a puppet of her brother, Thaksin Shinawatra, a former prime minister and polarising figure.

Thailand's political upheaval began in 2006 when Thaksin was ousted in a military coup after protests accusing him of corruption, abuse of power and disrespect for constitutional monarch King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

Thaksin's supporters say the Thai establishment opposes him because their position of privilege has been threatened by his electoral popularity, cemented by populist programmes that benefited the less well-off in the countryside.

Thailand's courts, like its military, are seen as bastions of anti-Thaksin conservatism, and have a record of hostile rulings towards the Shinawatra political machine, which is fuelled by a fortune Thaksin made in the telecommunications sector. Thaksin's opponents, including those who have rioted and attacked police, destroyed public property and occupied government offices, have usually been treated leniently by the courts.

Analysts called the decision a damaging one for Thailand's judicial system.

"The credibility of the justice system has vaporised," said Thongchai Winichakul, a professor of Southeast Asian history at the University of Wisconsin. "The royalist conservatives may celebrate this judicial coup. But the world will mourn over the death of another democracy."

Press Association

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