Friday 28 April 2017

Teenager killed as Venezuelans march against government

Anti-government protesters march in Caracas, Venezuela (Ariana Cubillos/AP)
Anti-government protesters march in Caracas, Venezuela (Ariana Cubillos/AP)
Human rights activists protest against the current situation in Venezuela. (AP/Peter Dejong)

A teenager has been shot dead as tens of thousands of opponents of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro flooded the streets of Caracas in what has been dubbed the "mother of all marches" against the embattled socialist.

Carlos Romero, just three days away from celebrating his 18th birthday, was walking home from a football game when he bumped into pro-government militias stalking a small pocket of protesters, family friend Melvin Sojo said at the hospital where doctors tried in vain to save the boy's life.

Mr Sojo, who grew up in the Romero home, said police and two people who rushed his brother to the hospital told him the boy had been shot in the head by pro-government groups.

Official confirmation of Mr Sojo's account was not immediately available, and the county's energy minister said the boy was killed during an attempted assault.

He is the sixth person killed since protests began three weeks ago over the Supreme Court's decision to strip the opposition-controlled congress of its last remaining powers after a year-long power battle.

Energy minister Luis Motta Dominguez told lines of state workers preparing to join a large counter-march that the reports of the boy's death at the hands of pro-government groups were false, saying he had been killed during a botched assault, and that they would have to use all their political weaponry to combat the lies of Mr Maduro's "fascist" opponents.

"We're a peaceful people, but we're also armed," he said.

Tens of thousands of angry protesters converged from 26 different points spread across the capital to attempt to march to the Ombudsman's office.

Like half a dozen times previously, their progress was blocked by light-armoured vehicles and a curtain of tear gas and rubber bullets fired by riot police officers.

In some areas caravans of government supporters, some of them armed, circled menacingly on motorcycles.

The Supreme Court's decision was later reversed amid overwhelming international rebuke and even a rare instance of public dissent in the normally disciplined ruling elite.

But it had the added effect of energising Venezuela's fractious opposition, which had been struggling to channel growing disgust with Mr Maduro over widespread food shortages, triple-digit inflation and rampant crime.

With its momentum renewed, the opposition is now pushing for Mr Maduro's removal and the release of scores of political prisoners.

The government last year abruptly postponed regional elections the opposition was heavily favoured to win and cut off a petition drive to force a referendum seeking Mr Maduro's removal before elections late next year.

Opposition marchers included Liliana Machuca, who earns about 20 dollars a month holding two jobs teaching literature.

Her face was covered in a white, sticky substance to protect herself from the noxious effects of tear gas.

Although she does not expect change overnight, she said protesting is the only option she has after what she says are abuses committed by the government.

"This is like a chess game and each side is moving whatever pieces they can. We'll see who tires out first," she said.

A short distance away, a sea of red-shirted government supporters marched by calmly, some dancing to a salsa band that tried to provide an air of normalcy to the otherwise tense political stand-off that has paralysed Venezuela over the past few weeks.

Many were state workers like Leidy Marquez, who was bused in from Tachira state, on the other side of the country, along with co-workers at state-run oil giant PDVSA.

"The opposition is trying to provoke a conflict but they aren't going to achieve their goal," said Marquez.

The government has tried to recover from the near-daily protests with its own show of force: jailing hundreds of demonstrators, barring former presidential candidate Henrique Capriles from running for office and standing by as pro-government groups violently attack opposition members of congress.

The president also signed orders on TV late on Tuesday activating the "green phase" of enigmatic military plans to defend Venezuela against what he describes as US-backed attempts to sow chaos and overthrow him.

He also said authorities in recent hours had rounded up unnamed members of an underground cell of conspirators at Caracas hotels, including some armed people who were allegedly planning to stir up violence at the march.

Mr Maduro did not provide evidence to back his claim that a coup attempt was under way, and the opposition rejected his comments as a desperate attempt to intimidate Venezuelans from exercising their constitutional right to protest.

"We're convinced the country knows who the true coup mongers are and it's against them we will march," the opposition said in a Tuesday late-night statement.

Foreign governments are also warning about the increasingly bellicose rhetoric and repressive stance of the government.

Mr Maduro this week said he was dramatically expanding civilian militias created by the late Hugo Chavez and giving each member a gun.

There was also concern that Wednesday's marches could lead to clashes after the number two socialist leader Diosdado Cabello said 60,000 die-hard government supporters would circulate on motorcycles to prevent the opposition from reaching its planned destination.

In the past, the groups known as collectives have operated like shock troops firing on protesters as security forces stand by.

"Those responsible for the criminal repression of peaceful democratic activity, for the undermining of democratic institutions and practices, and for gross violations of human rights, will be held individually accountable for their actions by the Venezuelan people and their institutions, as well as by the international community," the US state department said in a statement on Tuesday.


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