Solar plane begins 16-hour trip to Arizona
Published 02/05/2016 | 13:51
A solar-powered plane has taken off from California to continue its journey around the world using only energy from the sun.
The Swiss-made Solar Impulse 2 left Mountain View south of San Francisco shortly after 5am local time on Monday for an expected 16-hour trip to Phoenix, Arizona.
Swiss pilot Andre Borschberg is at the helm of the plane, which began its circumnavigation of the globe last year.
Mr Borschberg's co-pilot Bertrand Piccard, also from Switzerland, made the three-day trip from Hawaii to the heart of Silicon Valley, where he landed last week.
The Solar Impulse 2's wings, which stretch wider than those of a Boeing 747, are equipped with 17,000 solar cells that power propellers and charge batteries. The plane runs on stored energy at night.
After Phoenix, the plane will make two more stops in the United States before crossing the Atlantic to Europe or northern Africa, according to the website documenting the journey.
The two legs to cross the Pacific were the riskiest part of the plane's travels because of the lack of emergency landing sites.
"We have demonstrated it is feasible to fly many days, many nights, that the technology works," Mr Borschberg, 63, said.
He piloted the plane during a five-day trip from Japan to Hawaii and kept himself alert by doing yoga poses and meditation.
The crew was forced to stay in Oahu for nine months after the plane's battery system sustained heat damage on its trip from Japan.
The single-seat aircraft began its voyage in March 2015 from Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, and made stops in Oman, Burma, China and Japan.
The layovers give the pilots a chance to swap places and engage with local communities along the way so they can explain the project, which is estimated to cost more than 100 million US dollars (£68 million) and began in 2002 to highlight the importance of renewable energy and the spirit of innovation.