He was chosen as an independent expert in obstetrics and gynaecology, and is internationally renowned in his field.
Sir Arulkumaran is professor and head of obstetrics and gynaecology and deputy head of clinical sciences at St George's University of London.
He is also the president of the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - the global body dedicated to improving women and newborns' quality of life.
The internationally-respected professor has been in clinical practice for nearly 40 years and has also been involved in research and teaching for more than 25 years.
His main area of research involves foetal monitoring, intrapartum care, high-risk pregnancy, obstetric litigation and safety in maternity care.
Before joining St George's University of London, he held posts all over the world, including the National University of Singapore, the Asia and Oceania Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and the University of Nottingham.
He obtained his MD and PhD by research and membership of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists - of which he was president from 2009 to 2010. He also secured fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons by examination.
Among the key achievements of his career, Sir Arulkumaran cites the development of a clinical dashboard he claims provides clinicians with relevant and timely information they need to inform decisions that improve the quality of patient care.
He has also served as editor in chief of Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology for the last 14 years, and has published 24 books as author or editor, 240 indexed articles and more than 150 book chapters.